Behavioural responses of invasive American mink Neovison vison to an eradication campaign, revealed by stable isotope analysis
Article first published online: 30 NOV 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 British Ecological Society
Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 114–120, February 2010
How to Cite
Bodey, T. W., Bearhop, S., Roy, S. S., Newton, J. and McDonald, R. A. (2010), Behavioural responses of invasive American mink Neovison vison to an eradication campaign, revealed by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47: 114–120. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01739.x
- Issue published online: 29 JAN 2010
- Article first published online: 30 NOV 2009
- Received 5 August 2009; accepted 27 October 2009 Handling Editor: Chris Dickman
- adaptive management;
- invasive species;
- Mustela vison;
- predator control;
- stable isotope
1. The detrimental impacts of invasive, non-native species on islands are widely acknowledged and it is often best to act rapidly against such species, even where uncertainty exists over the best way to proceed. If management actions are evaluated and refined, using information learnt from the biology of culled animals, this uncertainty can be gradually reduced, increasing the likelihood of a successful outcome.
2. American mink Neovison vison carcasses were collected as part of an eradication campaign on several islands of the Outer Hebrides, Scotland, and stable isotope analysis was used to describe ecological variation in this invasive non-native predator.
3. Isotope profiles from individual mink whiskers demonstrated how behaviour at a population level changed markedly over time. As the eradication campaign progressed, mink increased their reliance on marine food sources and focused their activity on the coastline. Stable isotope analyses also demonstrated sex-related changes in foraging and ranging behaviour in relation to food resource availability on the two main island complexes.
4. Synthesis and applications. Our findings contribute to the refinement of a campaign to extend the successful eradication of mink from Uist and Harris, to the whole of the Outer Hebrides archipelago, UK. They also highlight the potential for stable isotope approaches to provide more detailed postmortem information that can inform adaptive management of wildlife populations for conservation objectives.