Disturbance, resource pulses and invasion: short-term shifts in competitive effects, not growth responses, favour exotic annuals
Article first published online: 15 APR 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Applied Ecology © 2011 British Ecological Society
Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume 48, Issue 4, pages 998–1006, August 2011
How to Cite
Besaw, L. M., Thelen, G. C., Sutherland, S., Metlen, K. and Callaway, R. M. (2011), Disturbance, resource pulses and invasion: short-term shifts in competitive effects, not growth responses, favour exotic annuals. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48: 998–1006. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.01988.x
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 15 APR 2011
- Received 18 August 2010; accepted 9 March 2011 Handling Editor: Phil Hulme
Fig. S1. Mount Jumbo with bright green strips marking where fire retardant was dropped.
Fig. S2. Soil nitrate and ammonium in burned areas and unburned areas on Mt. Jumbo with and without the aerial addition of fire retardant.
Fig. S3. Total mass of the five target species grown alone with and without fire retardant.
Table S1. Means and 1 SE for the total mass of species in competitive mixes.
Table S2. ANOVA tables for the greenhouse retardant competition experiment.
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