Caribou encounters with wolves increase near roads and trails: a time-to-event approach
Version of Record online: 19 JUL 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Applied Ecology © 2011 British Ecological Society
Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume 48, Issue 6, pages 1535–1542, December 2011
How to Cite
Whittington, J., Hebblewhite, M., DeCesare, N. J., Neufeld, L., Bradley, M., Wilmshurst, J. and Musiani, M. (2011), Caribou encounters with wolves increase near roads and trails: a time-to-event approach. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48: 1535–1542. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02043.x
- Issue online: 1 NOV 2011
- Version of Record online: 19 JUL 2011
- Received 9 March 2011; accepted 13 June 2011 Handling Editor: Jason Matthiopoulos
Fig. S1. The effects of threshold distance on wolf-caribou encounter model coefficients and 95% confidence intervals (shaded area) for distance to nearest linear feature, elevation, transient wolf packs, and UDOI.
Table S1. Wolf-caribou encounter rate model results estimated using the same-year subset of encounters data, year range, Banff and Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada.
Table S2. Top ranking models and Akaike weights (ω) for all models considered for wolf travel resource selection, 2002-2010, Banff and Jasper National Parks.
Appendix S1. Model results for encounter analyses and wolf travel RSF examining the effects of using concurrent wolf and caribou GPS data, varying encounter distances, and interactions with linear features.
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