Fig. S1. Variation in teleost FconS, elasmobranch FconS, and teleost Fmax with age of first capture.

Fig. S2. Variation in the conservation limit fishing mortality rate for elasmobranchs depending on the %SPR conservation reference level.

Fig. S3. The lost potential yield for teleosts with different Lmax when the objective is to maintain F below FconS for elasmobranchs of increasing Lmax.

Fig. S4. The response of FconS to a ±10% change in life-history relationships.

Table S1. Ranked vulnerability for demersal fish of the Celtic Sea shelf

Appendix S1. Data and data sources used to calculate exponent for the relative reproductive output to length relationship.

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