Typing of Aeromonas strains from patients with diarrhoea and from drinking water


Laboratory of Water and Food Microbiology, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands.


A.H. HAVELAAR, F.M. SCHETS, A. VAN SILFHOUT, W.H. JANSEN, G. WIETEN & D. VANDER KOOIJ. 1992. Aeromonas strains (187) from human diarrhoeal stools and from drinking water (263) in The Netherlands were typed by three different methods. Biotyping alone was found to be of little value for epidemiological studies because 84% of all strains belonged to only 10 biotypes. Common biotypes could be further differentiated by serotyping. Gas-liquid chromatography of cell wall fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) was useful for species identification as well as for typing: 86% of all strains could be identified to the species level, and within this group 92% of all identifications corresponded with the biotype. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis of FAME profiles could be used for comparison of strains from different sources and gave the same general conclusions as bio- and serotyping. There was little overall similarity between Aeromonas strains from human (diarrhoeal) faeces and from drinking water, differences being most pronounced for Aeromonas caviae and least for A. sobria.