SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alban, L., Stege, H. and Dahl, J. (2002) The new classification system for slaughter-pig herds in the Danish Salmonella surveillance and control programme. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 53, 133146.
  • Altrock, A.F., Schulte, A. and Hiddebranndt, G. (2000) Results of the German investigations in the EU project entitled ‘Salmonella in Pork’ (‘Salinpork’), part 2: abattoir investigations. Berliner und Munchener Tierarzlriche Wochenschrift 113, 225253.
  • Alvseike, O. and Skjerve, E. (2001) Prevalence of Salmonella subspecies diarizonae in Norwegian sheep herds. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 52, 277285.
  • Anon. (2002) Annual Report on Zoonoses in Denmark 2001. Copenhagen: Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Danish Zoonosis Centre.
  • Beach, J.C., Murano, E.A. and Acuff, G.R. (2002) Prevalence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in beef cattle from transport to slaughter. Journal of Food Protection 65, 16871693.
  • Berends, B.R., van Knapen, F., Mossel, D.A., Burt, S.A. and Snijdus, J.M.A. (1998) Impact on human health of Salmonella spp. on pork in the Netherlands and the anticipated effects of some currently proposed control strategies. International Journal of Food Microbiology 44, 219229.
  • Berends, B.R., van den Bogaard, A.E.J.M., van Knapen F. and Snijders, J.M.A. (2001) Human health hazard associated with the administration of antimicrobials to slaughter animals, part II: an assessment of the risks of resistant bacteria in pigs and pork. Veterinary Quarterly 23, 1021.
  • Boes, J., Dahl, J., Nielsen, B. and Krog H.H. (2001) Effect of separate transport, lairage and slaughter on occurrence of Salmonella Typhimurium on slaughter carcases. Berliner und Muchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 114, 363365.
  • Christensen, J. and Rudemo, M. (1998) Multiple change points analysis applied to the monitoring of Salmonella prevalence in Danish pigs and pork. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 36, 131143.
  • Christensen, J., Baggensen, D.L., Nielsen, A.C. and Nielsen, B. (1999) Prevalence of Salmonella enterica in pigs before the start of the Danish Salmonella Control Programme (1993–94) and 4 years later (1998). In Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella in Pork ed. Bahnson, P.B., Washington DC, 5–7 August, pp. 3333395. Washington DC: University of Illinois Press.
  • Christensen, J., Baggesen, D.L., Nielsen, B. and Stryhn, H. (2002) Herd prevalence of Salmonella spp. in Danish pig herds after implementation of the Danish Salmonella control program with reference to a pre-implementation study. Veterinary Microbiology 88, 175188.
  • Clouting, C. and Davies, R.H. (2001) Evaluation of the Salmonella meat-juice ELISA in the UK situation. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella and other Foodborne Pathogens in Pork. 2–5 September 2001, Leipzig, Germany, pp. 496498.
  • Davies, R.H. and Wray, C. (1997) Principles and practice of Salmonella isolation. In Proceedings of COST meeting on Microbiological Contamination of Meat, Gent 1999. pp. 1526. University of Bristol Press.
  • Davies, R.H., McLaren, I.M. and Bedford, S. (1999a) Observations on the distribution of Salmonella in a pig abattoir. Veterinary Record 145, 655661.
  • Davies, R.H., McLaren, I.M. and Bedford, S. (1999b) Distribution of Salmonella contamination in two pig abattoirs. In Proceedings of the 3rd Int. Symp. Salmonella in Pigs, pp. 267272. Washington DC, USA.
  • van Donkersgoed, J., Graham, T. and Gannon, V. (1999) The prevalence of verotoxin, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in the faeces and rumen of cattle at processing. Canadian Veterinary Journal 40, 332338.
  • Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Valley, S.B., Kain, M.L., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V. et al. (2001) Microbial contamination occurring on lamb carcases processed in the United States. Journal of Food Protection 64, 503508.
  • Edrington, T.S., Harvey, R.B., Farrington, L.A. and Nisbet, D.J. (2001) Evaluation of the subtherapeutic use of the antibiotics apramycin and carbadox on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant Salmonella infections in swine. Journal of Food Protection 64, 20672070.
  • Epling, L.K., Carpenter, J.A. and Blankership, L.C. (1993) Prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. on pork carcases and the reduction effected by spraying with lactic acid. Journal of Food Protection 56, 536537.
  • Farrington, L.A., Harvey, R.B., Buckley, S.A., Droleskey, R.E., Nisbet, D.J. and Inskip, P.D. (2001) Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonellae isolated from market age swine. Journal of Food Protection 64, 14961502.
  • Funk, J.A., Davies, P.R. and Nichols, M.A. (2000) The effect of faecal sample weight on detection of Salmonella enterica in swine faeces. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 12, 412418.
  • Galland, J.C., House, J.K., Hyatt, D.R., Hawkins, C.L., Anderson, N.V., Irwin, C.K. and Smith, B.P. (2000) Prevalence of Salmonella in beef feeder steers as determined by bacterial culture and ELISA serology. Veterinary Microbiology 76, 143151.
  • Hald, T. and Andersen, J.S. (2001) Trends and seasonal variations in the occurrence of Salmonella in pigs, pork and humans in Denmark, 1995–2000. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella and Other Foodborne Pathogens in Pork. 2–5 September 2001, Leipzig, Germany. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 114, 360362.
  • Hald, T. and Wegener, H.C. (1999) Quantitative assessment of the sources of human salmonellosis attributable to pork. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella in Pork. August 5–7, pp. 200205. Washington DC, USA.
  • Hjartardottir, S., Gunnarsson, E. and Sigvaldottir, J. (2002) Salmonella in sheep in Iceland. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 43, 4348.
  • Kaesbohrer, A.-M., Protz, D., Helmuth, R., Noecklev, K., Blaha, T., Conraths, F.J. and Lutz, G. (2000) Salmonella in slaughter pigs of German origin: an epidemiological study. European Journal of Epidemiology 16, 141146.
  • Korsak, N., Daube, G., Ghafir, Y., Chahed, A., Jolly, S. and Vinde-Vogel, H. (1998) An efficient sampling technique used to detect for foodborne pathogens on pork and beef carcases in nine Belgium abattoirs. Journal of Food Protection 61, 535541.
  • Kuplulu, O. (1999) The contamination and serovar distribution of Salmonella in cattle carcasses. Veteriner-Fakultesi-Dergisi-Ankara Universitesi 1, 2534.
  • Lammerding, A.M., Garcia, M.M., Mann, S.D., Robinson, Y., Dorward, W.J., Truscott, R. and Tittinger, F. (1988) Prevalence of Salmonella and thermophillic Campylobacter in fresh pork. Journal of Food Protection 51, 4752.
  • Letellier, A., Messier, S. and Quessy, S. (1999) Prevalence of Salmonella spp. and Yersinia enterocolitica in finishing swine at Canadian abattoirs. Journal of Food Protection 62, 2225.
  • Møgelmose, V., Nielsen, B., Sorensen, L.L., Dahl, J., Wingstrand, A., Johansen, M.., Pihl, K., Nielsen, V. et al. (1999) Eradication of multi-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 infections in 15 Danish swine herds. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella in Pork. 5–7 August 1999, pp. 367369. Washington DC, USA: University of Illinois.
  • McKean, J.D., Hurd, H.S., Larsen, S., Rostagno, M., Griffith, R. and Wesley, I. (2001) Input of commercial pre-harvest processes on the prevalence of Salmonella entercia in cull sows. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 114, 353355.
  • Madden, R.H., Espie, W.E., Moran, L., McBride, J. and Scates, P. (2001) Occurrence of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. on beef carcases in Northern Ireland. Meat Science 58, 343346.
  • Mafu, A.A., Higgens, R., Nadeau, M. and Cousineau, G. (1989) The incidence of Salmonella, Campylobacter and Yersinia enterocolitica in swine carcases and the slaughterhouse environment. Journal of Food Protection 52, 642645.
  • Maguire, H.C.F., Codd, A.A., Mackay, V.E., Rowe, B. and Mitchell, E. (1993) A large outbreak of human salmonellosis traced to a human pig farm. Epidemiology Infection 110, 239246.
  • Moreno, M.A., Dominquez, L., Teshager, T., Herraro, I.A. and Porrero, M.C. (2000) Antibiotic resistance monitoring: the Spanish programme. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 14, 285290.
  • Mousing, J., Thode-Jensen, P., Halgaard, C., Bager, F., Field, N., Nielsen, B. and Bech-Nielsen, S. (1997) Nationwide Salmonella enterica surveillance and control in Danish slaughter swine herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 29, 247261.
  • National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (1997) Methods for Diluting Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically, 4th edn. Approved Standard M7-A4 (M100-S7), Wayne, PA, USA: National Committee for Laboratory Standards.
  • Nielsen, B., Baggesen, D.L., Bager, F., Haugegaard, J. and Lind, P. (1995) The serological response to Salmonella serovars Typhimurium and Infantis in experimentally infected pigs: the time-line followed with an indirect anti LPS ELISA and bacteriological examinations. Veterinary Microbiology 47, 205218.
  • Oliveira, C.J.B., Carvalho, L.F.O.S., Fernandes, S.A., Tavechio, T., Menezes, C.C.P. and Domingues, F.J. (2003) Antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella serotypes isolated from slaughter-age pigs and environmental samples. Microbial Drug Resistance – Mechanisms, Epidemiology and Disease 8, 407411.
  • Oosterom, J., Decker, R., de Wilde, G.J.A., Van Kempende, T.F. and Engels, G.B. (1985) Prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni and Salmonella during pig slaughtering. Veterinary Quarterly 7, 3134.
  • Paiba, G.A., Gibbens, J.C., Pascoe, S.J.S., Wilesmith, J.W., Kidd, S.A., Byrne, C., Ryan, J.B.M., Smith, R.R. et al. (2002) Faecal carriage of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and sheep at slaughter in Great Britian. Veterinary Record 150, 593598.
  • Pless, P., Kofer, J. and Fuchs, K. (2000) Salmonella monitoring in pork cutting. Fleischwirtschaft 80, 8688.
  • Protz, D., Staak, C., Steinbech, G., Kaesbohrer, A. and Helmuth, R.(1997) Pilot study on the prevalence of Salmonella in slaughter pigs in Germany: field experiences using the Danish serological method for detection. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium of Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella in Pork. 20–22 August 1997, pp. 251253. Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Quirke, A.M., Leonard, N., Kelly, G., Egan, J., Lynch, P.B., Rowe, T. and Quinn, P.J. (2001) Prevalence of Salmonella serotypes on pig carcases from high and low risk herds slaughtered in three abattoirs. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella and Other Foodborne Pathogens in Pork. 2–5 September 2001, Leipzig, Germany. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 114, 360362.
  • Raes, M. and Voogt, N. (2000) Comparison of methods for isolation of Salmonella from poultry faeces. Newsletter, Community Reference Laboratory for Salmonella, RIVM, Bilthoven, NL, 6, 9.
  • Schotzlinger, G. (1994) Occurrence of salmonellas and Campylobacter coli/jejuni among slaughter pigs in Austria. Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift 81, 219.
  • Smerdon, W.J., Adak, G.K., O'Brien, S.J., Gillespie, I.A. and Reacher, M. (2001) General outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease linked with red meat, England and Wales, 1992–1999. Communicable Disease and Public Health 4, 259267.
  • Sofos, J.N., Kochevar, S.L., Reagan, J.O. and Smith, G.C. (1999) Incidence of Salmonella on beef carcases relating to the US Meat and Poultry Inspection Regulations. Journal of Food Protection 62, 467473.
  • Sojka, W.J., Slavin, G., Brand, T.F. and Davies, G. (1972) A survey of drug resistance in Salmonella isolated from animals in England and Wales. British Veterinary Journal 128, 189198.
  • Swanenburg, M., Urlings, H.A.P., Snijders, J.M.A., Keuzenkamp, D.A. and van Knapen, F. (2001) Salmonella in slaughter pigs: prevalence, serotypes and critical control points during slaughter in two slaughterhouses. International Journal of Food Microbiology 70, 243254.
  • Tahamtan, Y., Haghkhah, M. and Shekarforoush, S. (2002) Salmonella infection and contamination of cattle: a slaughterhouse survey. Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine: University of Tehran 1, 14.
  • Thorberg, B.M. and Engvall, A. (2001) Incidence of Salmonella in five Swedish slaughterhouses. Journal of Food Protection 64, 542545.
  • Troutt, H.F., Galland, J.C., Osburn, B.I., Brewer, R.L., Braun, R.K., Schmitz, J.A., Sears, P., Childers, A.B. et al. (2001) Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in cull (market) dairy cows at slaughter. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 219, 12121215.
  • Ward, L.R. and Threlfall, E.J. (2001) The emergence of a new Salmonella Typhimurium phage type associated with pigs. International Journal of Food Microbiology 44, 174176.
  • Wiuff, C., Thorberg, B.M., Engvall, A. and Lind, P. (1999) Reactivities towards enterobacterial LPS in pig sera from herds in a Salmonella non-endemic region. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Salmonella in Pork. 5–7 August 1999, pp. 9296. Washington DC, USA: Published by University of Illinois.
  • Wray, C. and Davies, R.H. (2000) Salmonella infections in cattle. In Salmonella in Domestic Animals ed. Wray, C. and Wray, A. pp. 169170. Wallingford, Oxon, UK: CABI Publishing, CAB International.
  • Wray, C., Beedell, Y.E. and McLaren, I.M. (1991) A survey of antimicrobial resistance in salmonellae isolated from animals in England and Wales during 1984–1987. British Veterinary Journal 147, 356369.