Immuno-detection of anthrose containing tetrasaccharide in the exosporium of Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus strains
Article first published online: 16 FEB 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 106, Issue 5, pages 1618–1628, May 2009
How to Cite
Tamborrini, M., Oberli, M.A., Werz, D.B., Schürch, N., Frey, J., Seeberger, P.H. and Pluschke, G. (2009), Immuno-detection of anthrose containing tetrasaccharide in the exosporium of Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus strains. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 106: 1618–1628. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2008.04129.x
- Issue published online: 6 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 16 FEB 2009
- 2008/0409: received 10 March 2008, revised and accepted 20 October 2008
- Bacillus cereus group;
Aims: Bacillus anthracis strains of various origins were analysed with the view to describe intrinsic and persistent structural components of the Bacillus collagen-like protein of anthracis glycoprotein associated anthrose containing tetrasaccharide in the exosporium.
Methods and Results: The tetrasaccharide consists of three rhamnose residues and an unique monosaccharide – anthrose. As anthrose was not found in spores of related strains of bacteria, we envisioned the detection of B. anthracis spores based on antibodies against anthrose-containing polysaccharides. Carbohydrate–protein conjugates containing the synthetic tetrasaccharide, an anthrose–rhamnose disaccharide or anthrose alone were employed to immunize mice. All three formulations were immunogenic and elicited IgG responses with different fine specificities. All sera and monoclonal antibodies derived from tetrasaccharide immunized mice cross-reacted not only with spore lysates of a panel of virulent B. anthracis strains, but also with some of the B. cereus strains tested.
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that antibodies to synthetic carbohydrates are useful tools for epitope analyses of complex carbohydrate antigens and for the detection of particular target structures in biological specimens.
Significance and Impact of the Study: Although not strictly specific for B. anthracis spores, antibodies against the tetrasaccharide may have potential as immuno-capturing components for a highly sensitive spore detection system.