Modelling the effect of water activity and temperature on growth rate and aflatoxin production by two isolates of Aspergillus flavus on paddy
Article first published online: 29 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Applied Microbiology © 2011 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 111, Issue 5, pages 1262–1274, November 2011
How to Cite
Mousa, W., Ghazali, F.M., Jinap, S., Ghazali, H.M. and Radu, S. (2011), Modelling the effect of water activity and temperature on growth rate and aflatoxin production by two isolates of Aspergillus flavus on paddy. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 111: 1262–1274. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.05134.x
- Issue published online: 17 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 29 SEP 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 24 AUG 2011 03:25PM EST
- 2011/1008: received 18 June 2011, revised 16 August 2011 and accepted 17 August 2011
- Aspergillus flavus;
- water activity
Aims: This study was conducted to characterize the growth of and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus on paddy and to develop kinetic models describing the growth rate as a function of water activity (aw) and temperature.
Methods and Results: The growth of A. flavus on paddy and aflatoxin production were studied following a full factorial design with seven aw levels within the range of 0·82–0·99 and seven temperatures between 10 and 43°C. The growth of the fungi, expressed as colony diameter (mm), was measured daily, and the aflatoxins were analysed using HPLC with a fluorescence detector. The maximum colony growth rates of both isolates were estimated by fitting the primary model of Baranyi to growth data. Three potentially suitable secondary models, Rosso, polynomial and Davey, were assessed for their ability to describe the radial growth rate as a function of temperature and aw. Both strains failed to grow at the marginal temperatures (10 and 43°C), regardless of the aw studied, and at the aw level of 0·82, regardless of temperature. Despite that the predictions of all studied models showed good agreement with the observed growth rates, Davey model proved to be the best predictor of the experimental data. The cardinal parameters as estimated by Rosso model were comparable to those reported in previous studies. Toxins were detected in the range of 0·86–0·99 aw with optimal aw of 0·98 and optimal temperature in the range of 25–30°C.
Conclusions: The influences of aw and temperature on the growth of A. flavus and aflatoxin production were successfully characterized, and the models developed were found to be capable of providing good, related estimates of the growth rates.
Significance and Impact of the Study: The results of this study could be effectively implemented in minimizing the risk of aflatoxin contamination of the paddy at postharvest.