SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barker, G.C., Malakar, P.K. and Peck, M.W. (2005) Germination and growth from spores: variability and uncertainty in the assessment of food borne hazards. Int J Food Microbiol 100, 6776.
  • Billon, C.M.P., McKirgan, C.J., McClure, P.J. and Adair, C. (1997) The effect of temperature on the germination of single spores of Clostridium botulinum 62A. J Appl Microbiol 82, 4856.
  • Chen, D., Huang, S.S. and Li, Y.Q. (2006) Real-time detection of kinetic germination and heterogeneity of single Bacillus spores by laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy. Anal Chem 78, 69366941.
  • Duncan, C.L. and Strong, D.H. (1968) Improved medium for sporulation of Clostridium perfringens. Appl Microbiol 16, 8289.
  • Ghosh, S. and Setlow, P. (2009) Isolation and characterization of superdormant spores of Bacillus species. J Bacteriol 191, 17871797.
  • Huang, S.S., Chen, D., Pelczar, P.L., Vepachedu, V.R., Setlow, P. and Li, Y.Q. (2007) Levels of Ca2+ -dipicolinic acid in individual Bacillus spores determined using microfluidic Raman tweezers. J Bacteriol 189, 46814687.
  • Kong, L., Zhang, P., Wang, G., Yu, J., Setlow, P. and Li, Y.-Q. (2011) Phase contrast microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and optical tweezers to characterize the germination of individual bacterial spores. Nat Protoc 6, 625639.
  • Nicholson, W.L. and Setlow, P. (1990) Spore germination and outgrowth. In Molecular Biological Methods for Bacillus ed. Harwood, C.R. and Cutting, S.M. pp. 391450 Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Paidhungat, M. and Setlow, P. (2000) Role of Ger-proteins in nutrient and non-nutrient triggering of spore germination in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 182, 25132519.
  • Paidhungat, M., Setlow, B., Driks, A. and Setlow, P. (2000) Characterization of spores of Bacillus subtilis which lack dipicolinic acid. J Bacteriol 182, 55055512.
  • Paredes-Sabja, D., Torres, J.A., Setlow, P. and Sarker, M.R. (2008) Clostridium perfringens spore germination: characterization of germinants and their receptors. J Bacteriol 190, 11901201.
  • Paredes-Sabja, D., Setlow, P. and Sarker, M.R. (2009a) Role of GerKB in germination and outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens spores. Appl Environ Microbiol 75, 38133817.
  • Paredes-Sabja, D., Setlow, P. and Sarker, M.R. (2009b) SleC is essential for cortex peptidoglycan hydrolysis during germination of spores of the pathogenic bacterium Clostridium perfringens. J Bacteriol 191, 27112720.
  • Paredes-Sabja, D., Setlow, P. and Sarker, M.R. (2010) Germination of spores of Bacillales and Clostridiales species: mechanisms and proteins involved. Trends Microbiol 19, 8594.
  • Peng, L., Chen, D., Setlow, P. and Li, Y.Q. (2009) Elastic and inelastic light scattering from single bacterial spores in an optical trap allows the monitoring of spore germination dynamics. Anal Chem 81, 40364042.
  • Sarker, M.R., Carman, R.J. and McClane, B.A. (1999) Inactivation of the gene (cpe) encoding Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin eliminates the ability of two cpe-positive C. perfringens type A human gastrointestinal disease isolates to affect rabbit ileal loops. Mol Microbiol 33, 946958.
  • Setlow, P. (2003) Spore germination. Curr Opin Microbiol 6, 550556.
  • Setlow, P. and Johnson, E.A. (2007) Spores and their significance. In Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers, 3rd edn ed. Doyle, M.P. and Beuchat, L.R. pp. 3567 Washington, DC: ASM Press.
  • Setlow, B., Peng, L., Loshon, C.A., Li, Y.Q., Christie, G. and Setlow, P. (2009) Characterization of the germination of Bacillus megaterium spores lacking enzymes that degrade the spore cortex. J Appl Microbiol 107, 318328.
  • Stringer, S.C., Webb, M.D., George, S.M., Pin, C. and Peck, M.W. (2005) Heterogeneity of times required for germination and outgrowth from single spores of nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum. Appl Environ Microbiol 71, 49985003.
  • Stringer, S.C., Webb, M.D. and Peck, M.W. (2009) Contrasting effects of heat-treatment and incubation temperature on germination and outgrowth of individual spores of nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum. Appl Environ Microbiol 75, 27122719.
  • Stringer, S.C., Webb, M.D. and Peck, M.W. (2011) Lag time variability in individual spores of Clostridium botulinum. Food Microbiol 28, 228235.
  • Wang, G., Yi, X., Li, Y.-Q. and Setlow, P. (2011) Germination of individual Bacillus subtilis spores with alterations in the GerD and SpoVA proteins, which are important in spore germination. J Bacteriol 193, 23012311.
  • Webb, M.D., Pin, C., Peck, M.W. and Stringer, S.C. (2007) Historical and contemporary NaCl concentrations affect the duration and distribution of lag times from individual spores of nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum. Appl Environ Microbiol 73, 21182127.
  • Zhang, P., Garner, W., Yi, X., Yu, J., Li, Y.-Q. and Setlow, P. (2010a) Factors affecting the variability in the time between addition of nutrient germinants and rapid DPA release during germination of spores of Bacillus species. J Bacteriol 192, 36083619.
  • Zhang, P., Kong, L., Wang, G., Setlow, P. and Li, Y.Q. (2010b) Combination of Raman tweezers and quantitative differential interference contrast microscopy for measurement of dynamics and heterogeneity during the germination of individual bacterial spores. J Biomed Opt 15, 056010.