Simultaneous detection and identification of the Xanthomonas species complex associated with tomato bacterial spot using species-specific primers and multiplex PCR
Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 113, Issue 6, pages 1479–1490, December 2012
How to Cite
Araújo, E.R., Costa, J.R., Ferreira, M.A.S.V. and Quezado-Duval, A.M. (2012), Simultaneous detection and identification of the Xanthomonas species complex associated with tomato bacterial spot using species-specific primers and multiplex PCR. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 113: 1479–1490. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05431.x
- Issue published online: 16 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 17 AUG 2012 09:46AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 26 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 5 APR 2012
- multiplex PCR;
- Xanthomonas euvesicatoria;
- X. gardneri;
- X. perforans;
- X. vesicatoria
To establish protocols for the simultaneous detection and identification of Xanthomonas species causing tomato bacterial spot.
Methods and Results
We verified the specificity and sensitivity of the previously reported sets of primers designed for strains of the four species of Brazilian tomato bacterial spot xanthomonads, consisting of 30 of Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, 30 of X. vesicatoria, 50 of X. perforans and 50 of X. gardneri. Furthermore, we tested a multiplex PCR protocol for the purpose of concurrent species identification. The possibility of direct detection of the pathogens in diseased leaf samples was also verified. The primers were highly specific, amplifying only target DNA. The sensitivity of the primers in conventional PCR was 50 pg μl−1 for purified DNA and ranged from 5 × 102 to 5 × 104 CFU ml−1 when bacterial suspensions were analysed. The multiplex PCR was suitable for the detection of all four species and showed similar sensitivity to conventional PCR when tested on purified DNA. When using bacterial suspensions, its sensitivity was similar to conventional PCR only when a biological amplification step (Bio-PCR) was included. Both methods were able to detect the pathogens in symptomatic tomato leaves.
Brazilian Xanthomonas strains causing tomato bacterial spot can be differentiated and identified at species level by a PCR-based method and by a multiplex PCR.
Significance and Impact of the Study
This protocol may be a feasible alternative tool for the identification and detection of these pathogens in plant material and may be used for routine diagnostic purposes in plant pathology laboratories.