The papers in this Special Issue arose from the third biennial conference of the International Biogeography Society (http://www.biogeography.org/), held from 9 to 13 January 2007 in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.
The papers in this Special Issue of Journal of Biogeography were compiled by José-María Fernández-Palacios and Robert J. Whittaker. The papers were edited by David Bellwood, José-María Fernández-Palacios, Bradford Hawkins, Lawrence Heaney, John Lambshead, Glen MacDonald, Şerban Procheş, Jens-Christian Svenning, and Ole Vetaas. We thank all those involved in reviewing the papers making up the Special Issue, and acknowledge the support provided to the IBS 3rd biennial meeting by Blackwell Publishing, the Cabildo Insular de Tenerife, Ayuntamiento del Puerto de la Cruz, MarBEF (Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning EU Network of Excellence), and PAGES (Past Global Changes) and the National Science Foundation. The conference logo, reproduced above, and showing in outline the extinct Canarian oystercatcher Haematopus meadewaldoi, the juniper Juniperus turbinata ssp. canariensis and the peak of Teide, was drawn by Juan-Domingo Delgado.