The evolving role of community nurses for people with learning disabilities: changes over an 11-year period
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2005
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 15, Issue 1, pages 72–82, January 2006
How to Cite
Barr, O. (2006), The evolving role of community nurses for people with learning disabilities: changes over an 11-year period. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 15: 72–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2005.01254.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2005
- Submitted for publication: 28 April 2005 Accepted for publication: 3 May 2005
- community nurses;
- health facilitation;
- people with learning disabilities
Aims and objectives. To provide an overview of the changes in the caseload and working practices of community nurses for people with learning disabilities (CNLDs) over an 11-year period within one region of the UK.
Background. Recent reviews of government policy within the UK and internationally have highlighted the need to promote inclusion and health facilitation for people with learning disabilities (intellectual disabilities). The CNLDs have been highlighted as having an integral role in achieving these objectives. However, little is known about the current role of community nurses and how this has evolved over the past decade.
Designs and methods. A survey design was used in which the total population of CNLDs within one region of the UK were asked to complete a postal questionnaire.
Results. Forty community nurses in Northern Ireland completed questionnaires. This provided information about 1559 people with learning disabilities on their current caseloads. Results showed less involvement with children, more focus on adults with physical and mental health needs and nurses often appeared to have a monitoring rather than an active clinical role. Data also identified an increasing caseload size and a pattern of referral largely from within learning disability services.
Conclusions. The role of CNLDs has altered in Northern Ireland over the past 11 years with some evidence of a reorientation towards a more health-oriented focus. Further consideration needs to be given to how well this will meet the changing needs of people with learning disabilities and their families in light of the increasing emphasis on the provision of inclusive services.
Relevance to clinical practice. Community nurses need to review their current role, caseload management and links to primary and acute care if the policy objectives of inclusive services and health facilitation are to be achieved. It will also be necessary to revise their education preparation in light of the changing role of CNLDs.