Validation of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument

Authors

  • Linda YK Lee MNurs, RN, RM, RTN,

  • Diana TF Lee PhD, MSc, PRD(HCE), RN, RM, RTN,

  • Jean Woo FRKAM, FRACP FRCPE, FRCP, MB BChir, MD, MA,

  • Eric MC Wong MA


Linda YK Lee
School of Science and Technology
The Open University of Hong Kong
30 Good Shepherd Street
Ho Man Tin
Kowloon
Hong Kong
Telephone: (852) 2768 6806
E-mail: yklee@ouhk.edu.hk

Abstract

Aim.  To assess the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument.

Background.  Resident's satisfaction has been regarded by the literature as a gold standard for quality of nursing home care. Accurate assessment of resident's satisfaction can provide valuable information for implementation of quality nursing home care. However, there is not a validated Chinese tool to serve the purpose.

Design.  A cross-sectional descriptive survey design.

Methods.  Content validity of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument was assessed by the use of expert panel. Construct validity of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument was determined by assessing the correlation between satisfaction with other theoretically related constructs. Internal consistency and stability of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument were determined by Cronbach's method and two-week test–retest reliability. The six-factor structure of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument was assessed by confirmatory factor analysis. Testing was performed on a cluster sample of 330 residents from 16 nursing homes in Hong Kong.

Results.  The Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument demonstrated good content validity by having content validity index of 0·93. High construct validity of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument was supported by its significant correlation with depression (r = −0·42, P = 0·000), health-related quality of life (physical component) (r = 0·16, P = 0·042), health-related quality of life (mental component) (r = 0·41, P = 0·000) and global quality of care (r = 0·49, P = 0·000). The Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency and good stability by having Cronbach's alpha of 0·79 and intra-class correlation coefficient of 0·94, respectively. The six-factor structure of the Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument was not fully supported by confirmatory factor analysis.

Conclusions.  The Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument is a useful instrument for assessing satisfaction of cognitively intact Chinese nursing home residents. Findings provided initial evidence on its validity and reliability. Further empirical testing is recommended to explore its factor structure.

Relevance to clinical practice.  The Chinese version of the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument can provide guidance to enhance delivery of high-quality nursing home care for the Chinese population.

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