Nurse consultants: organizational influences on role achievement

Authors

  • Valerie A Woodward MSc, RN, SP (GPN),

  • Christine Webb PhD, RN, FRCN,

  • Morag Prowse MSc, PhD, RN


Valerie A Woodward
School of Social Work & Primary Care
University of Plymouth
Plymouth PL4 8AA
UK
Telephone: 01752 233885
E-mail: v.a.woodward@plymouth.ac.uk

Abstract

Aims.  This paper reports on organizational influences on nurse consultant post holders. The influence of individual characteristics has been the subject of another paper.

Background.  Nurse consultant posts were set up in the United Kingdom from the late 1990s onwards and, therefore, there has been little opportunity to report on evaluations of these innovative initiatives.

Design.  A cross-sectional design, using a convenience sample, was adopted.

Methods.  Ten nurse consultants working in a variety of settings and specialties participated in in-depth, tape-recorded interviews. The data were analysed using the Framework approach.

Findings.  Support systems were important influences on nurse consultants’ role achievement levels. These took the form of internal trust networks, nurse consultant forums and links with higher education institutions. Post holders both gave and received support and acted to empower other nurses. Thus, relationships were vital to successful role integration. The culture and structures of the National Health System were also a powerful influence in terms of local and national modernization policies, and participants had to be careful in their choice of strategies to deal with the traditional medically dominated culture.

Conclusions.  The new nurse consultant role is challenging and innovative, but a major area of contention is how much post holders are expected to take on work previously done by doctors rather than developing their nursing role. Organizational support and commitment are needed if nurse consultants are to maximize the benefits of this innovation.

Relevance to clinical practice.  The findings show that new nursing roles are not always easily accepted in multidisciplinary settings and that holders of such post need to have the appropriate previous knowledge, skills and personal characteristics, as well as the ability to negotiate their way through organizational influences.

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