Violence in nursing homes: perceptions of female caregivers
Article first published online: 12 MAY 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 17, Issue 12, pages 1660–1666, June 2008
How to Cite
Isaksson, U., Åström, S. and Graneheim, U. H. (2008), Violence in nursing homes: perceptions of female caregivers. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17: 1660–1666. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.02196.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 12 MAY 2008
- Submitted for publication: 19 March 2007 Accepted for publication: 23 July 2007
- older people;
Aim. This study illuminates how female caregivers in nursing home perceive violence.
Background. Previous studies have focused on prevalence and types of violence and injuries in various settings and among various professionals. There are, however, few studies that examine how caregivers perceive violence.
Methods. Forty-one female caregivers at nursing homes were asked to reflect on a vignette containing a situation where a female caregiver is exposed to violence from a male resident. The reflections were analysed by qualitative content analysis.
Findings. The main finding indicates that perceiving an action as violent is in the eye of the beholder. Caregivers perceive violence to be challenging, intentional, excusable, ordinary and contextual relative to their own experience and attitudes.
Conclusion and relevance to clinical practice. As the perception of violence is subjective, there is a risk that violent incidents will be under-reported as well as over-reported. To avoid this, it is important to construct a well-defined operationalised definition of violence for research purposes. Our findings also indicate the need for individually structured and adjusted support for caregivers. To explore the complexity of violence, further research should focus on how caregivers and residents experience violence in a nursing home.