A theory to guide families and carers of people who are at risk of suicide
Article first published online: 8 MAY 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 17, Issue 14, pages 1939–1948, July 2008
How to Cite
Sun, F.-K. and Long, A. (2008), A theory to guide families and carers of people who are at risk of suicide. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17: 1939–1948. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.02230.x
- Issue published online: 10 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 8 MAY 2008
- Submitted for publication: 15 March 2007 Accepted for publication: 14 October 2007
- family caregivers;
- home care;
- mental health;
Aims. The aim of this study was to explore family members’ and ex-patients’ perceptions of caring for people who had previously attempted suicide.
Background. Suicide is a major public health problem in Taiwan. Official figures demonstrate that suicide was one of the top 10 causes of death in the last eight years, with 18·8 per 100,000 people taking their own lives in 2005. The Taiwanese Government has set targets to reduce this rate. All members of the population play a role in the prevention of suicide, including families and carers of those at risk. Evidence is sparse on the role that families take in caring for members who have been discharged from hospital following a suicide attempt.
Methods. Grounded theory using one-to-one tape-recorded interviews were conducted with patients who had just been discharged from hospitals following a suicide attempt (n = 15) and family members (n = 15). Data were analysed using open, axial and selective coding.
Results. The core category that emerged was ‘Impending burnout’, depicting family members’ experience of caring for people who had attempted suicide. Other key categories linked to and embraced within this core category were: on guard day and night, maintaining activities of daily living and creating a nurturing environment.
Conclusion. Families and carers could use the emergent theory as a guide to caring for people at risk of suicide. Psychiatric nurses could use the theory as a framework to educate family members on enhancing the quality of care provided to this group of people. The theory could go some way towards reducing suicidal attempts and decreasing re-hospitalisation rates.
Relevance to clinical practice. The finding indicated that family members experienced difficulties when caring for those who had previously attempted suicide. Consequently, nurses have a pivotal role in educating families and carers on preventive strategies before suicidal patients are discharged from hospitals.