• Copeland S & Penman A (2004) The development and promotion of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) within the UK. New Review of Information Networking 10, 1932.
  • Copeland S, Penman A & Milne R (2005) Electronic theses: the turning point. Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems 39, 185197.
  • Ellis L (2005) Professional doctorates for nurses: mapping provision and perceptions. Journal of Advanced Nursing 50, 440448.
  • Jolley J (2007) Choose your doctorate. Journal of Clinical Nursing 16, 225233.
  • Kim M, McKenna H & Ketefian S (2005) Global quality criteria, standards, and indicators for doctoral programs in nursing; literature review and guideline development. International Journal of Nursing Studies 43, 477489.
  • Kirkman S, Thompson D, Watson R & Stewart S (2007) Are all doctorates equal or are some ‘more equal than others’? An examination of which ones should be offered by schools of nursing Nurse Education Today 7, 6166.
  • Macduff C (2007) An Analysis of the Development of Family Health Nursing in Scotland through Policy and Practice 1998–2006. Published PhD thesis: The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen. Available at:
  • Parahoo K (2005) Normal science, bureaucracy and nursing research. Plenary presentation to The Royal College of Nursing International Nursing Research Conference, Belfast, 10 March 2005.
  • The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen (2007) Research Degree Examination Process and Criteria. Available at: