Changes of satisfaction with appearance and working status for head and neck tumour patients

Authors


Hsueh-Erh Liu
Associate Professor
10F, No. 259
Wen-Haw 1st Rd.
Kwei-Shan
Tao-Yuan
Taiwan
Republic of China
Telephone: 886-3-2118800 ext 5243
E-mail: sarah@mail.cgu.edu.tw

Abstract

Aims and objectives.  The aim of this survey was to examine changes of satisfaction with appearance and working status of head and neck tumour patients after tumour excision and micro-reconstructive surgery.

Background.  Most research related to head and neck tumour reconstruction deals with surgical techniques and complications. No reports discussed impact on personal appearance and working status.

Design.  This is a retrospective cross-sectional study design with systematical sampling.

Methods.  One questionnaire which included three instruments was mailed to patients selected systematically from a patient list; 525 questionnaires were mailed to the potential participants and 125 returned. However, only 97 effective questionnaires were analysed. Non-parametric statistics such as Spearman correlation, Wilcoxon signed rank test, Kolmogorov–Smirnov Z test and Kruskal–Wallis test were performed as the data were not normally distributed.

Results.  Participants reported that they were least satisfied with their face (mean = 2·88 SD 1·34). Compared with presurgery condition, the satisfaction with current appearance was significantly lower (Wilcoxon signed rank test, Z = −6·39, p < 0·001). A total of 35·8% employed participants changed their jobs after cancer treatments. Their major reason for job change was discomfort caused by cancer treatment. Gender, employment status, type of job, type of treatment, age, duration from last radiotherapy and number of treatment modalities had an impact on satisfaction with appearance.

Conclusions.  Compared with presurgery, satisfaction with personal appearance did change negatively even after micro-reconstructive surgery had been conducted. In addition, certain participants changed their jobs because of cancer treatments.

Relevance to clinical practice.  We should include job rehabilitation and body image into the daily care of head and neck cancer patients. For example, participants could learn how to use cosmetic strategies to improve their facial appearance during OPD follow-up. Thus, the negative impact might be reduced.

Ancillary