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A review of the literature on the impact of renal cancer therapy on quality of life

Authors

  • Joanne Bird,

    1. Authors:Joanne Bird, RN, MMedSci, Senior Research Nurse, Academic Unit of Clinical Oncology, Cancer Research Centre, Weston Park Hospital, Sheffield, UK; Mark Hayter, RN, MMedSci, BA (Hons), PhD, Reader in Nursing, Centre for Health and Social Care Studies and Service Development, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
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  • Mark Hayter

    1. Authors:Joanne Bird, RN, MMedSci, Senior Research Nurse, Academic Unit of Clinical Oncology, Cancer Research Centre, Weston Park Hospital, Sheffield, UK; Mark Hayter, RN, MMedSci, BA (Hons), PhD, Reader in Nursing, Centre for Health and Social Care Studies and Service Development, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
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Mark Hayter, Senior Lecturer, Centre for Health and Social Care Education and Service Development, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Samuel Fox House, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK. Telephone: +44(0)114 226 9623.
E-mail:m.hayter@sheffield.ac.uk

Abstract

Aim.  To explore the impact of renal cancer treatment on patients’ quality of life.

Background.  Renal cancer accounts for 95,000 deaths worldwide and its incidence rate is rising. At present there are several therapeutic approaches to the treatment of renal cancer, ranging through surgery, immunological therapies and vaccine treatment. Each of these therapies may have a substantial effect upon patients’ quality of life. However, a systematic appraisal of the empirical evidence about treatment impact is lacking.

Design.  Literature review.

Methods.  A structured review of the empirical literature on the impact of renal cancer treatment upon quality of life was undertaken. Literature was appraised and themed according to the treatment modalities included in the study.

Results.  From 873 papers initially identified 52 were retrieved for detailed scrutiny resulting in a final 16 papers being included in the review.

Conclusions.  This review discusses the complex effect of renal cancer upon a patient’s quality of life as treatment modalities change. The need for nursing education and awareness of these issues is therefore highlighted to maximise patient care.

Relevance to clinical practice.  Understanding the impact of treatment for renal cancer enables nurses to empathise more significantly with patients and also act as mediators in regard to treatment choice and treatment cessation. It also enables nurses to inform and educate renal cancer patients prior to making treatment choices.

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