THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN RETRACTED
Retracted: A randomised controlled study of the effects of music on sleep quality in older people
Article first published online: 7 FEB 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 20, Issue 7-8, pages 979–987, April 2011
How to Cite
Chan, M. F. (2011), Retracted: A randomised controlled study of the effects of music on sleep quality in older people. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20: 979–987. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03368.x
- Issue published online: 8 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 7 FEB 2011
- Accepted for publication: 16 May 2010
Vol. 20, Issue 15-16, 2382, Article first published online: 14 JUL 2011
- older people;
- Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index;
Aim. To determine the effect of music on sleep quality in older people.
Background. Sleep disturbance is common in older people and its impacts on older adults along with its conventional treatment merit our attention as our population ages. Conventional pharmacological method might result dependence and impairment in psychomotor and cognitive function. Listening to music, which is a non-pharmacological method, might promote relaxation, induce distraction responses and promote sleep quality.
Design. A randomised controlled study.
Methods. The study was conducted from December 2006–January 2007. Forty-two older people (21 using music and 21 controls) completed the study in Hong Kong. Physiological (blood pressure and heart rate) and sleep quality variables were collected once a week for one month.
Results. For all vital signs’ results, no significant differences were found between both music and control groups within the four weeks. In the music group, there was statistically significant reduction in sleep scores at week 4. In control group, there was no statistically significant improvement of sleep scores in the four weeks. However, no significant difference was found between groups over the four weeks.
Conclusion. Whilst there were no statistical differences between groups, there was some indication that music yielder higher improvement on sleep scores, which are worthier of further investigation in larger trials.
Relevance to clinical practice. The implication of this study is that music listening can help nurses build therapeutic relationships with older people. Nurses are recommended to use music as part of their holistic caring for older people.