This study was presented at the First National Women’s Health Nursing Congress, 2–4 October 2009, Istanbul, Turkey.
A comparison of the effects of a special gynaecological garment and music in reducing the anxiety related to gynaecological examination
Article first published online: 15 DEC 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 21, Issue 5-6, pages 791–799, March 2012
How to Cite
Kocabaş, P. and Khorshid, L. (2012), A comparison of the effects of a special gynaecological garment and music in reducing the anxiety related to gynaecological examination. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21: 791–799. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03958.x
- Issue published online: 10 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 15 DEC 2011
- Accepted for publication: 30 August 2011
- gynaecological examination;
- special gynaecological garment
Aim and objectives. To investigate the effect of a special gynaecological garment and music plus the special gynaecological garment on reducing the state anxiety related to gynaecological examination.
Background. Gynaecological examination is one of the most common anxiety-producing medical procedures and causes embarrassment and discomfort. Few studies have focused on the effect of a gynaecological garment on anxiety associated with gynaecological examinations.
Design. The patients were allocated to one of three groups, one control and two experimental. While the patients in the control group were subjected to the normal outpatient procedure, the patients in the first experimental group were dressed in a special gynaecological garment. In the control group, gynaecological examinations were performed with a traditional one-piece drape. In addition to wearing the special gynaecological garment, the women in the garment + music group listened to music during the gynaecological examination. The State Anxiety Inventory Form was applied to the patients in all three groups before and after gynaecological examination.
Results. The state anxiety level after gynaecological examination in patients in the control group was found to be higher, but it was found to be lower in patients in both the first experimental group (garment) and the second experimental group (garment + music). The state anxiety level was found to be more reduced in the experimental groups than in the control group. The state anxiety level after gynaecological examination was found to be higher in single patients in the second experimental group.
Conclusion. The special gynaecological garments are effective in reducing the state anxiety associated with gynaecological examination.
Relevance to clinical practice. It should be taken into consideration that women perceived state anxiety during the gynaecological examinations. To allay anxiety associated with gynaecological examination in women, a special garment may be considered.