MANAGING CLINICAL ISSUES
Bed and shower baths: comparing the perceptions of patients with acute myocardial infarction
Article first published online: 27 NOV 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 22, Issue 5-6, pages 733–740, March 2013
How to Cite
L Lopes, J., Nogueira-Martins, L. A. and de Barros, A. L. (2013), Bed and shower baths: comparing the perceptions of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22: 733–740. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04320.x
- Issue published online: 8 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 27 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JUN 2012
- semantic differential
Aims and objectives
To compare the perceptions of patients with acute myocardial infarction concerning bed and shower baths and evaluate how antecedent variables influence their perceptions.
Professionals are often oblivious to the fact that, when performing a bed bath, they are manipulating someone else's body and invading someone's privacy and intimacy. This lack of awareness may trigger various responses in patients, such as dissatisfaction and anxiety. Several studies assessing the perceptions of patients when receiving a bed bath, and most are qualitative. Thus, there is a need to quantify these perceptions.
The research was a crossover study.
The sample consisted of 71 patients with acute myocardial infarction, admitted to coronary units. Patients were evaluated on two occasions: after their second bed bath and after their second shower bath. A Semantic Differential Scale was constructed and validated prior to data collection.
The perception of patients receiving shower baths was significantly more positive than those of patients receiving bed baths (<0·0001). The only variable that interfered with the general perception of patients was prior hospitalisation (p = 0·0468). Patients who previously experienced a hospitalisation had a less positive perception, concerning both the bed and shower baths, than those who were hospitalised for the first time.
The perceptions of patients receiving bed baths were less positive than those of patients receiving shower baths.
Relevance to clinical practice
The perceptions of patients receiving baths are very important to guiding nursing care and developing strategies to minimise patient dissatisfaction.