Influence of genetics and non-genetic factors on acenocoumarol maintenance dose requirement in Moroccan patients
Article first published online: 8 APR 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Volume 37, Issue 5, pages 594–598, October 2012
How to Cite
Smires, F. Z., Moreau, C., Habbal, R., Siguret, V., Fadili, S., Golmard, J. L., Assaidi, A., Beaune, P., Loriot, M. A. and Nadifi, S. (2012), Influence of genetics and non-genetic factors on acenocoumarol maintenance dose requirement in Moroccan patients. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 37: 594–598. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2710.2012.01340.x
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 8 APR 2012
- Received 06 December 2011, Accepted 09 February 2012
What is known and Objective: Coumarin derivatives such as acenocoumarol represent the therapy of choice for the long-term treatment and prevention of thromboembolic diseases. Many genetic, clinical and demographic factors have been shown to influence the anticoagulant dosage. Our aim was to investigate the contribution of genetic and non-genetic factors to variability in response to acenocoumarol in Moroccan patients.
Methods: Our study included 114 adult Moroccan patients, receiving long-term acenocoumarol therapy for various indications. Tests for VKORC1 -1639G>A promoter polymorphism (rs9923231), CYP2C9*2 rs1799853, CYP2C9*3 rs1057910, and CYP4F2 rs2108622 alleles were undertaken using Taq Man® Pre-Developed Assay Reagents for allelic discrimination. The statistical analysis was performed using the SAS V9 statistical package.
Results and Discussion: Genotyping showed that the allele frequencies for the SNPs studied were no different to those found in Caucasians population. A significant association was observed between the weekly maintenance dose and the VKORC1 (P = 0·0027) and CYP2C9 variant genotypes (P = 0·0082). A final multivariate regression model that included the target International Normalized Ratio, VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes explained 36·2% of the overall interindividual variability in acenocoumarol dose requirement.
What is new and Conclusion: Our study shows large interindividual variability in acenocoumarol maintenance dose requirement in our population. VKORC1 and CYP2C9 variants significantly affected acenocoumarol dose, in-line with results in other populations. For the Moroccan population, the SNPs that have the largest effect on acecoumarol dose are CYP2C9 rs1799853, CYP2C9 rs1057910 and VKORC1 rs9923231.