SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ågren, J. (1996) Population size, pollinator limitation, and seed set in the self-incompatible herb Lythrum salicaria. Ecology, 77, 17791790.
  • Aizen, M.A. (1997) Influence of local floral density and sex ratio on pollen receipt and seed output: empirical and experimental results in dichogamous Alstroemeria aurea (Alstroemeriaceae). Oecologia, 111, 404412.
  • Allison, T.D. (1990) Pollen production and plant density affect pollination and seed production in Taxus canadensis. Ecology, 71, 516552.
  • Baker, A.M., Thompson, J.D. & Barrett, S.C.H. (2000) Evolution and maintenance of stigma-height dimorphism in Narcissus. II. Fitness comparisons between style morphs. Heredity, 84, 514524.
  • Barrett, S.C.H. & Kohn, J.R. (1991) Genetics and evolutionary consequences of small population size in plants: implication for conservation. Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants (eds D.A. Falk & K.E. Holsinger), pp. 330. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Botstein, D., White, R.L., Skolnick, M. & Davis, R.W. (1980) Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. American Journal of Human Genetics, 32, 314331.
  • Charnov, E.L. (1976) Optimal foraging, the marginal value theorem. Theoretical Population Biology, 9, 129136.
  • Cresswell, J.E. (1997) Spatial heterogeneity, foraging behaviour and pollinator-mediated gene flow: bumblebee movements in variously aggregated rows of oil-seed rape. Oikos, 78, 546556.
  • Crosby, J. (1949) Selection of an unfavorable gene-complex. Evolution, 3, 212230.
  • Ellstrand, N.C. & Elam, D.R. (1993) Population genetic consequences of small population size: implications for plant conservation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 24, 217242.
  • Environment Agency of Japan (2000) Threatened Wildlife of Japan: Red Data Book, 2nd edn. Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo (in Japanese).
  • Goodell, K., Elam, N.C., Nason, J.D. & Ellstrand, N.C. (1997) Gene flow among small populations of a self-incompatible plant: an interaction between demography and genetics. American Journal of Botany, 84, 13621371.
  • Groom, M.J. (1998) Allee effects limit population viability of an annual plant. American Naturalist, 151, 487496.
  • Isagi, Y., Honjo, M. & Washitani, I. (2001) Development of microsatellite markers for Primula sieboldii using degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR-amplified DNA. Molecular Ecology Notes, 1, 2224.
  • Ishihama, F., Nakano, C., Ueno, S., Ajima, M., Tsumura, Y. & Washitani, I. (2003) Seed set and gene flow patterns in an experimental population of an endangered heterostylous herb with controlled local opposite-morph density. Functional Ecology, 17, 680689.
  • Karron, J.D., Thumser, N.N., Tucker, R. & Hessenauer, A.J. (1995a) The influence of population density on outcrossing rates in Mimulus ringens. Heredity, 75, 175180.
  • Karron, J.D., Tucker, R., Thumser, N.N. & Reinartz, J.A. (1995b) Comparison of pollinator flight movements and gene dispersal patterns in Mimulus ringens. Heredity, 75, 612617.
  • Kearns, C.A. & Inouye, D.W. (1998) Endangered mutualisms: conservation of plant–pollinator interactions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29, 83112.
  • Kitamoto, N., Honjo, M., Ueno, S., Takenaka, A., Tsumura, Y., Washitani, I. & Ohsawa, R. (2005a) Spatial genetic structure among and within populations of Primula sieboldii growing beside separate streams. Molecular Ecology, 14, 149157.
  • Kitamoto, N., Ueno, S., Tsumura, Y., Washitani, I. & Ohsawa, R. (2005b) Development of microsatellite makers in Primula sieboldii E. Morren, a threatened herb. Japanese Journal of Conservation Ecology, 10, 4751 (in Japanese with English summary).
  • Klinkhamer, P.G.L., de Jong, T.J. & de Bruyn, G.J. (1989) Plant size and pollinator visitation in Cynoglossum officinale. Oikos, 54, 201204.
  • Kunin, W.E. (1993) Sex and the single mustard: population density and pollinator behavior effects on seed-set. Ecology, 74, 21452160.
  • Kunin, W.E. (1997) Population size and density effects in pollination: pollinator foraging and plant reproductive success in experimental arrays of Brassica kaber. Journal of Ecology, 85, 225234.
  • Marshall, T.C., Slate, J., Kruuk, L. & Pemberton, J.M. (1998) Statistical confidence for likelihood-based paternity inference in natural populations. Molecular Ecology, 7, 639655.
  • Morris, W.F. (1993) Predicting the consequences of plant spacing and biased movement for pollen dispersal by honey bees. Ecology, 74, 493500.
  • Nielsen, R., Mattila, D.K., Clapham, P.J. & Palsboll, P.J. (2001) Statistical approaches to paternity analysis in natural populations and applications to the North Atlantic humpback whale. Genetics, 157, 16731682.
  • Nishihiro, J., Washitani, I., Thomson, J.D. & Thomson, B.A. (2000) Patterns and consequences of stigma height variation in a natural population of a distylous plant, Primula sieboldii. Functional Ecology, 14, 502512.
  • Oddou-Muratorio, S., Houot, M.-L., Demesure-Musch, B. & Austerlitz, F. (2003) Pollen flow in the wild service tree, Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz. I. Evaluating the paternity analysis procedure in continuous populations. Molecular Ecology, 12, 34273439.
  • Ohashi, K. & Yahara, T. (1998) Effects of variation in flower number on pollinator visits in Cirsium purpuratum (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany, 85, 219224.
  • Ohashi, K. & Yahara, T. (2002) Visit larger displays but probe proportionally fewer flowers: counterintuitive behaviour of nectar-collecting bumble bees achieves an ideal free distribution. Functional Ecology, 16, 492503.
  • Rathcke, B.J. (1983) Competition and facilitation among plants for pollination. Pollination Biology (ed. L.A. Real), pp. 305329. Academic Press, New York.
  • Richards, C.M., Church, S. & McCauley, D.E. (1999) The influence of population size and isolation on gene flow by pollen in Silene alba. Evolution, 53, 6373.
  • Silander, J.A. Jr (1978) Density-dependent control of reproductive success in Cassia biflora. Biotropica, 10, 292296.
  • Smithson, A. & Macnair, M.R. (2003) Have recent developments in molecular techniques led to greater insight into evolutionary and ecological processes in plant populations? Genes in the Environment (eds R.S. Hails, J.E. Beringer & H.C.J. Godfray), pp. 112129. Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Stehlik, I., Caspersen, J.P. & Barrett, S.C.H. (2006) Spatial ecology of mating success in a sexually polymorphic plant. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 237, 387394.
  • Stone, J.L. & Thomson, J.D. (1994) The evolution of distyly: pollen transfer in artificial flowers. Evolution, 48, 15951606.
  • Ueno, S., Kitamoto, N., Ohsawa, R., Tsumura, Y. & Washitani, I. (2006) Nine additional microsatellite markers for Primula sieboldii E. Morren. Conservation Genetics, 6, 10631064.
  • Ueno, S., Tsumura, Y. & Washitani, I. (2003) Development of microsatellite markers in Primula sieboldii E. Morren, a threatened Japanese perennial herb. Conservation Genetics, 4, 809811.
  • Wang, Y., Wang, Q.-F., Guo, Y.-H. & Barrett, S.C.H. (2005) Reproductive consequences of interactions between clonal growth and sexual reproduction in Nymphoides peltata: a distylous aquatic plant. New Phytologist, 165, 329336.
  • Washitani, I., Kato, M., Nishihiro, J. & Suzuki, K. (1994a) Importance of queen bumble bees as pollinators facilitating inter-morph crossing in Primula sieboldii. Plant Species Biology, 9, 169176.
  • Washitani, I., Namai, H., Osawa, R. & Niwa, M. (1991) Species biology of Primula sieboldii for the conservation of its lowland-habitat population. I. Inter-clonal variation in the flowering phenology, pollen load and female fertility component. Plant Species Biology, 6, 2737.
  • Washitani, I., Osawa, R., Namai, H. & Niwa, M. (1994b) Patterns of female fertility in heterostylous Primula sieboldii under severe pollinator limitation. Journal of Ecology, 82, 571579.
  • Wedderburn, F. & Richards, A.J. (1990) Variation in within-morph incompatibility inhibition sites in heteromorphic Primula L. New Phytologist, 116, 149162.
  • Weir, B.S. (1996) Genetic Data Analysis II. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • Wyatt, R. & Hellwig, R.L. (1979) Factors determining fruit set in heterostylous bluets, Houstonia caerulea (Rubiaceae). Systematic Botany, 4, 103114.