SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackerly, D. & Sultan, S. (2006) Mind the gap: the emerging synthesis of plant ‘ecodevo’. New Phytologist, 170, 648653.
  • Balaguer, L., Martínez-Ferri, E., Valladares, F., Pérez-Corona, M.E., Baquedano, F.J., Castillo, F.J. & Manrique, E. (2001) Population divergence in the plasticity of the response of Quercus coccifera to the light environment. Functional Ecology, 15, 124135.
  • Berg, H., Becker, U. & Matthies, D. (2005) Phenotypic plasticity in Carlina vulgaris: effects of geographical origin, population size, and population isolation. Oecologia, 143, 220231.
  • Bradshaw, A.D. (1965) Evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity in plants. Advances in Genetics, 13, 115155.
  • Bradshaw, A.D. (2006) Unravelling phenotypic plasticity – why should we bother? New Phytologist, 170, 644648.
  • Briggs, D. & Walters, S.M. (1997) Plant Variation and Evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Callaway, R., Pennings, S.C. & Richards, C.L. (2003) Phenotypic plasticity and interactions among plants. Ecology, 84, 1151128.
  • Canham, C.D., Denslow, J.S., Platt, W.J., Runkle, J.R., Spies, T.A. & White, P.S. (1990) Light regimes beneath closed canopies and tree-fall gaps in temperate and tropical forests. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research, 20, 620631.
  • Castro-Díez, P., Navarro, J., Pintado, A., Sancho, L.G. & Maestro, M. (2006) Interactive effects of shade and irrigation on the performance of seedlings of three Mediterranean Quercus species. Tree Physiology, 26, 389400.
  • Cheplick, G.P. (1995) Genotypic variation and plasticity of clonal growth in relation to nutrient availability in Amphibromus scabrivalvis. Journal of Ecology, 83, 459468.
  • Cheplick, G.P. (2003) Evolutionary significance of genotypic variation in developmental reaction norms for a perennial grass in competition. Evolutionary Ecology, 17, 175196.
  • Coleman, J.S. & McConnaughay & Ackerly, D.D. (1994) Interpreting phenotypic variation in plants. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 9, 187191.
  • DeWitt, T.J. & Scheiner, S.M., eds (2004) Phenotypic plasticity. Functional and Conceptual Approaches. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Dudley, S.A. (2004) The functional ecology of phenotypic plasticity in plants. Phenotypic Plasticity Functional and Conceptual Approaches (eds T.J.De Witt & S.M.Scheiner). Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Einhorn, K.S. (2005) Growth and physiology of ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and beech (Fagus sylvatica) seedlings in response to a light gradient following natural gap formation Ecological Bulletins, 52, 153.
  • Farnsworth, E. (2004) Hormones and shifting ecology throughout plant development. Ecology, 85, 515.
  • Fuller, T. (2003) The integrative biology of phenotypic plasticity. Biology and Philosophy, 18, 381389.
  • Gianoli, E. & Gonzalez-Teuber, M. (2005) Environmental heterogeneity and population differentiation in plasticity to drought in Convolvulus chilensis (Convolvulaceae). Evolutionary Ecology, 19, 603613.
  • Gómez, J.M., Valladares, F. & Puerta-Piñero, C. (2004) Differences between structural and functional heterogeneity caused by seed dispersal. Functional Ecology, 18, 787792.
  • Gratani, L. (1997) Canopy structure, vertical radiation profile and photosynthetic function in a Quercus ilex evergreen forest. Photosynthetica, 33, 139149.
  • Gratani, L., Meneghini, M., Pesoli, P. & Crescente, M.F. (2003) Structural and functional plasticity of Quercus ilex seedlings of different provenances in Italy. Oecologia, 17, 515521.
  • Griffith, T.M. & Sultan, S.E. (2005) Shade tolerance plasticity in response to neutral vs green shade cues in Polygonum species of contrasting ecological breadth. New Phytologist, 166, 141148.
  • Grime, J.P. & Mackey, J.M.L. (2002) The role of plasticity in resource capture by plants. Evolutionary Ecology, 16, 299307.
  • Hampe, A. (2004) Bioclimate envelope models: what they detect and what they hide. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, 13, 469476.
  • Heino, M., Dieckmann, U. & Godo, O.R. (2002) Measuring probabilistic reaction norms for age and size at maturation. Evolution, 56, 69678.
  • Hurlbert, S.H. (1984) Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs, 54, 187211.
  • Kafatos, F. & Eisner, T. (2004) Unification in the century of biology. Science, 303, 1257.
  • Larcher, W. (1995) Physiological plant ecology. Ecophysiology and Stress Physiology of Functional Groups. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg.
  • Lusk, C.H. (2004) Leaf area and growth of juvenile temperate evergreens in low light: species of contrasting shade tolerance change rank during ontogeny. Functional Ecology, 18, 820828.
  • Maron, J.L., Vila, M., Bommarco, R., Elmendorf, S. & Beardsley, P. (2004) Rapid evolution of an invasive plant. Ecological Monographs, 74, 261280.
  • Marshall, D.R. & Jain, S.K. (1968) Phenotypic plasticity of Avena fatua and A. barbata. American Naturalist, 102, 457467.
  • McConnaughay, K.D.M. & Coleman, J.S. (1999) Biomass allocation in plants: ontogeny or optimality? A test along three resource gradients. Ecology, 80, 25812593.
  • Milberg, P., Lamont, B.B. & Pérez-Fernández, M.A. (1999) Survival and growth of native and exotic composites in response to a nutrient gradient. Plant Ecology, 145, 125132.
  • Moller, A.P. & Jennions, M.D. (2002) How much variance can be explained by ecologists and evolutionary biologists? Oecologia, 10, 10071020.
  • Müller, I., Schmid, B. & Weiner, J. (2000) The effect of nutrient availability on biomass allocation patterns in 27 species of herbaceous plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 3, 115127.
  • Navas, M.L. & Garnier, E. (2002) Plasticity of whole plant and leaf traits in Rubia peregrina in response to light, nutrient and water availability. Acta Oecologica, 23, 375383.
  • Niinemets, U., Valladares, F. & Ceulemans, R. (2003) Leaf-level phenotypic variability and plasticity of invasive Rhododendron ponticum and non-invasive Ilex aquifolium co-occurring at two contrasting European sites. Plant Cell and Environment, 26, 941956.
  • Parker, I.M., Rodriguez, J. & Loik, M.E. (2003) An evolutionary approach to understanding the biology of invasions: local adaptation and general-purpose genotypes in the weed Verbascum thapsus. Conservation Biology, 17, 115.
  • Pearcy, R.W., Muraoka, H. & Valladares, F. (2005) Crown architecture in sun and shade environments: assessing function and tradeoffs with a 3-D simulation model. New Phytologist, 166, 791800.
  • Peek, M.S., Leffler, A.J., Flint, S.D. & Ryel, R.J. (2003) How much variance is explained by ecologists? Additional perspectives. Oecologia, 137, 161170.
  • Pemac, D. & Tucic, B. (1998) Reaction norms of juvenile traits to light intensity in Iris pumila (Iridaceae): a comparison of populations from exposed and shaded habitats. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 209, 159176.
  • Peperkorn, R., Werner, C. & Beyschlag, W. (2005) Phenotypic plasticity of an invasive acacia versus two native Mediterranean species. Functional Plant Biology, 32, 12.
  • Piersma, T. & Drent, J. (2003) Phenotypic flexibility and the evolution of organismal design. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 228233.
  • Pigliucci, M. (2001) Phenotypic Plasticity: Beyond Nature and Nurture John. Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Pigliucci, M. & Schlichting, C.D. (1995) Ontogenetic reaction norms in Lobelia siphilitica (Lobeliaceae): reponse to shading. Ecology, 76, 21342144.
  • Pigliucci, M., Schlichting, C.D., Jones, C.S. & Schwenk, K. (1996) Developmental reaction norms: the interactions among allometry, ontogeny and plasticity. Plant Species Biology, 11, 6985.
  • Poorter, H. & Nagel, O. (2000) The role of biomass allocation in the growth response of plants to different levels of light, CO2, nutrients and water: a quantitative review. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 27, 595607.
  • Potvin, C. & Tousignant, D. (1996) Evolutionary consequences of simulated global change: genetic adaptation or adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Oecologia, 108, 683693.
  • Rehfeldt, G., Wykoff, W.R. & Ying, C.C. (2001) Physiological plasticity, evolution, and impacts of a changing climate on Pinus contorta. Climatic Change, 50, 355376.
  • Richardson, A.D., Ashton, P.M.S., Berlyn, G.P., McGroddy, M.E. & Cameron, I.R. (2001) Within-crown foliar plasticity of western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla, in relation to stand age. Annals of Botany, 88, 10071015.
  • Robinson, D. (1989) Phenotypic plasticity in roots and root systems: constraint, compensations and compromises. Aspects of Applied Biology, 22, 4955.
  • Ryser, P. & Eek, L. (2000) Consequences of phenotypic plasticity vs. interspecific differences in leaf and root traits for acquisition of aboveground and belowground resources. American Journal of Botany, 87, 402411.
  • Sack, L. (2004) Responses of temperate woody seedlings to shade and drought: do trade-offs limit potential niche differentiation? Oikos, 107, 107127.
  • Sánchez-Gómez, D., Valladares, F. & Zavala, M.A. (2006) Functional traits and plasticity underlying shade tolerance in seedlings of four Iberian forest tree species. Tree Physiology, 26, in press.
  • Scheiner, S.M. & DeWitt, T.J. (2004) Future research directions. Phenotypic Plasticity Functional and Conceptual Approaches (eds T.J.De Witt & S.M.Scheiner). Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Schlichting, C.D. (1986) The evolution of phenotypic plasticity in plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 17, 667693.
  • Schlichting, C.D. (2002) Phenotypic plasticity in plants. Plant Species Biology, 17, 8588.
    Direct Link:
  • Schlichting, C.D. & Levin, D.A. (1984) Phenotypic plasticity of annual Phlox: tests of some hypotheses. American Journal of Botany, 71, 252260.
  • Schlichting, C.D. & Pigliucci, M. (1998) Phenotypic Evolution. A Reaction Norm Perspective. Sinauer Associates Inc, Sunderland.
  • Schmid, B. (1992) Phenotypic variation in plants. Evolutionary Trends in Plants, 6, 4560.
  • Sexton, J.P., McKay, J.K. & Sala, A. (2002) Plasticity and genetic diversity may allow saltcedar to invade cold climates in North America. Ecological Applications, 12, 16521660.
  • Sharma, G.P., Singh, J.S. & Raghubanshi, A.S. (2005) Plant invasions: emerging trends and future implications. Current Science, 88, 726734.
  • Stearns, S.C. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Stearns, S.C., De Long, G. & Newman, B. (1991) The effects of phenotypic plasticity on genetic correlations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 122126.
  • Stelzer, C.P. (2002) Phenotypic plasticity of body size at different temperatures in a planktonic rotifer: mechanisms and adaptive significance. Functional Ecology, 16, 835841.
  • Sultan, S.E. (1992) What has survived of Darwin's theory? Phenotypic plasticity and the Neo-Darwinian legacy. Evolutionary Trends in Plants, 6, 6171.
  • Sultan, S.E. (2004) Promising directions in plant phenotypic plasticity. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 6, 227233.
  • Sultan, S.E. (2005) An emerging focus on plant ecological development. New Phytologist, 166, 15.
  • Thompson, J.D. (1991) Phenotypic plasticity as a component of evolutionary change. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 246249.
  • Thuiller, W., Lavorel, S., Araujo, M.B., Sykes, M.T. & Prentice, I.C. (2005) Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 102, 82458250.
  • Valladares, F. (2003) Light heterogeneity and plants: from ecophysiology to species coexistence and biodiversity. Progress in Botany (eds K.Esser, U.Lüttge, W.Beyschlag & F.Hellwig), Vol. 64, pp. 439471. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg.
  • Valladares, F., Arrieta, S., Aranda, I., Lorenzo, D., Tena, D., Sánchez-Gómez, D., Suarez, F. & Pardos, J.A. (2005a) Shade tolerance, photoinhibition sensitivity and phenotypic plasticity of Ilex aquifolium in continental-Mediterranean sites. Tree Physiology, 25, 10411052.
  • Valladares, F., Balaguer, L., Martinez-Ferri, E., Perez-Corona, E. & Manrique, E. (2002a) Plasticity, instability and canalization: is the phenotypic variation in seedlings of sclerophyll oaks consistent with the environmental unpredictability of Mediterranean ecosystems? New Phytologist, 156, 457467.
  • Valladares, F., Chico, J.M., Aranda, I., Balaguer, L., Dizengremel, P., Manrique, E. & Dreyer, E. (2002b) Greater high light seedling tolerance of Quercus robur over Fagus sylvatica is linked to a greater physiological plasticity. Trees, Structure and Function, 16, 395403.
  • Valladares, F., Dobarro, I., Sánchez-Gómez, D. & Pearcy, R.W. (2005b) Photoinhibition and drought in Mediterranean woody saplings: scaling effects and interactions in sun and shade phenotypes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 56, 483494.
  • Valladares, F. & Guzmán, B. (2006) Canopy structure and spatial heterogeneity of understory light in abandoned Holm oak woodlands. Annals of Forest Science, 63, 113.
  • Valladares, F., Martinez-Ferri, E., Balaguer, L., Perez-Corona, E. & Manrique, E. (2000a) Low leaf-level response to light and nutrients in Mediterranean evergreeen oaks: a conservative resource-use strategy? New Phytologist, 148, 7991.
  • Valladares, F., Wright, S.J., Lasso, E., Kitajima, K. & Pearcy, R.W. (2000b) Plastic phenotypic response to light of 16 congeneric shrubs from a Panamanian rainforest. Ecology, 81, 19251936.
  • Van Kleunen, M. & Fischer, M. (2003) Effects of four generations of density-dependent selection on life history traits and their plasticity in a clonally propagated plant. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 16, 474484.
  • Van Kleunen, M. & Fischer, M. (2005) Constraints on the evolution of adaptive phenotypic plasticity in plants. New Phytologist, 166, 4960.
  • Via, S., Gomulkiewicz, R., Dejong, G., Scheiner, S.M., Schlichting, C.D. & Vantienderen, P.H. (1995) Adaptive phenotypic plasticity – consensus and controversy. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 212217.
  • Watson, M.A., Geber, M.A. & Jones, C.S. (1995) Ontogenetic contingency and the expression of plant plasticity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 474475.
  • Weigelt, A. & Jolliffe, P. (2003) Indices of plant competition. Journal of Ecology, 91, 707720.
  • Werner, E.E. & Peacor, S.D. (2003) Review of trait–mediated indirect interactions in ecological communities. Ecology, 84, 10831100.
  • West-Eberhard, M.J. (2003) Developmental Plasticity and Evolution. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Williams, D.G., Mack, R.N. & Black, R.A. (1995) Ecophysiology of introduced Pennisetum setaceum on Hawaii: the role of phenotypic plasticity. Ecology, 76, 15691580.
  • Yamashita, N., Koike, N. & Ishida, A. (2002) Leaf ontogenetic dependence of light acclimation in invasive and native subtropical trees of different successional status. Plant, Cell and Environment, 25, 13411353.