SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, S.E. (1974) Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.
  • Altschul, S.F., Madden, T.L., Schäffer, A.A., Zhang, J., Zhang, Z., Miller et al. (1997) Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generation of protein database search programs. Nucleic Acids Research, 25, 33893402.
  • Avio, L., Pellegrino, E., Bonari, E. & Giovannetti, M. (2006) Functional diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal isolates in relation to extraradical mycelial networks. New Phytologist, 172, 347357.
  • Bever, J.D., Morton, J.B., Antonovics, J. & Schultz, P.A. (1996) Host-dependent sporulation and species diversity or arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a mown grassland. Journal of Ecology, 84, 7182.
  • Callaway, R.M., Thelen, G.C., Barth, S., Ramsey, P.W. & Gannon, J.E. (2004) Soil fungi alter interactions between the invader Centaurea maculosa and North American natives. Ecology, 85, 10621071.
  • Clapp, J.P., Young, J.P.W., Merryweather, J.W. & Fitter, A.H. (1995) Diversity of fungal symbionts in arbuscular mycorrhizas from a natural community. New Phytologist, 130, 259265.
  • Daniell, T.J., Husband, R., Fitter, A.H. & Young, J.P.W. (2001) Molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonising arable crops. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 36, 203209.
  • Dhillion, S.S. & Gardsjord, T.L. (2004) Arbuscular mycorrhizas influence plant diversity, productivity and nutrients in boreal grasslands. Canadian Journal of Botany, 82, 104114.
  • Edwards, S.G., Fitter, A.H. & Young, J.P.W. (1997) Quantification of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus mosseae, within plant roots by competitive polymerase chain reaction. Mycological Research, 101, 14401444.
  • Eom, A.H., Hartnett, D.C. & Wilson, G.W.T. (2000) Host plant species effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in tallgrass prairie. Oecologia, 122, 435444.
  • Fitter, A.H. (2005) Darkness visible: reflections on underground ecology. Journal of Ecology, 93, 231243.
  • Fitter, A.H. & Moyersoen, B. (1996) Evolutionary trends in root-microbe symbioses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 351, 13671375.
  • Fitter, A.H. & Nichols, R. (1988) The use of benomyl to control infection by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Phytologist, 109, 201206.
  • Hart, M.M., Reader, R.J. & Klironomos, J.N. (2003) Plant coexistence mediated by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 418423.
  • Hartnett, D.C. & Wilson, G.W.T. (1999) Mycorrhizae influence plant community structure and diversity in tallgrass prairie. Ecology, 80, 11871195.
  • Van Der Heijden, M.G.A., Klironomos, J.N., Ursic, M., Moutoglism, P., Streitwolf-Engel, R., Boller, T. et al. (1998) Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature, 396, 6972.
  • Van Der Heijden, M.G.A., Wiemken, A. & Sanders, I.R. (2003) Different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alter coexistence and resource distribution between co-occurring plants. New Phytologist, 157, 569578.
  • Helgason, T., Daniell, T.J., Husband, R., Fitter, A.H. & Young, J.P.W. (1998) Ploughing up the wood-wide web? Nature, 394, 431.
  • Helgason, T., Fitter, A.H. & Young, J.P.W. (1999) Molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonising Hyacinthoides non-scripta (bluebell) in a seminatural woodland. Molecular Ecology, 8, 659666.
  • Helgason, T., Merryweather, J.W., Denison, J., Wilson, P., Young, J.P.W. & Fitter, A.H. (2002) Selectivity and functional diversity in arbuscular mycorrhizas of co-occurring fungi and plants from a temperate deciduous woodland. Journal of Ecology, 90, 371384.
  • Husband, R., Herre, E.A., Turner, S.L., Gallery, R. & Young, J.P.W. (2002) Molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and patterns of host association over time and space in a tropical forest. Molecular Ecology, 11, 26692678.
  • Johnson, D., Vandenkoornhuyse, P.J., Leake, J.R., Gilbert, L., Booth, R.E., Grime, J.P. et al. (2004) Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms. New Phytologist, 161, 503515.
  • Klironomos, J.N. (2003) Variation in plant response to native and exotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Ecology, 84, 22922301.
  • Kormanik, P.P. & McGraw, A.C. (1982) Quantification of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in plant roots. Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research (ed. N.C.Schenck), pp. 3745. American Phytopathological Society, St Paul, MN.
  • Kowalchuk, G.A., De Souza, F.A. & Van Veen, J.A. (2002) Community analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Ammophila arenaria. Dutch coastal sand dunes. Molecular Ecology, 11, 571581.
  • McGonigle, T.P., Miller, M.H., Evans, D.G., Fairfield, G.L. & Swan, J.A. (1990) A new method which gives an objective-measure of colonization of roots by vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Pytologist, 115, 495501.
  • Merryweather, J.W. & Fitter, A.H. (1995) Phosphorus and carbon budgets: mycorrhizal contribution in Hyacinthoides non-scripta (L.) Chouard ex Rothm. under natural conditions. New Phytologist, 129, 619627.
  • Merryweather, J.W. & Fitter, A.H. (1996) Phosphorus nutrition of an obligately mycorrhizal plant treated with the fungicide benomyl in the field. New Phytologist, 132, 307312.
  • Moora, M., Öpik, M., Sen, R. & Zobel, M. (2004) Native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities differentially influence the seedling performance of rare and common Pulsatilla species. Functional Ecology, 18, 554562.
  • Morton, J.B. & Benny, G.L. (1990) Revised classification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Zygomycetes) – a new order, Glomales, 2 new suborders, Glomineae and Gigasporineae, and 2 new families, Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporaceae, with an emendation of Glomaceae. Mycotaxon, 37, 471491.
  • Munkvold, L., Kjoller, R., Vestberg, M., Rosendahl, S. & Jakobsen, I. (2004) High functional diversity within species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist, 164, 357364.
  • Newsham, K.K., Fitter, A.H. & Watkinson, A.R. (1994) Root pathogenic and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi determine fecundity of asymptomatic plants in the field. Journal of Ecology, 82, 805814.
  • Newsham, K.K., Fitter, A.H. & Watkinson, A.R. (1995) Multi-functionality and biodiversity in arbuscular mycorrhizas. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 407411.
  • Oba, H., Shinozaki, N., Oyaizu, H., Tawaraya, K., Wagatsuma, T., Barraquio, W.L. et al. (2004) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with some pioneer plants in the Lahar area of Mt Pinatubo, Philippines. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 50, 11951203.
  • Oliveira, R.S., Castro, P.M.L., Dodd, J.C. & Vosatka, M. (2006) Different native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi influence the coexistence of two plant species in a highly alkaline anthropogenic sediment. Plant and Soil, 287, 209221.
  • Öpik, M., Moora, M., Liira, J., Kõljalg, U., Zobel, M. & Sen, R. (2003) Divergent arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities colonize roots of Pulsatilla spp. in boreal Scots pine forest and grassland soils. New Phytologist, 160, 581593.
  • Öpik, M., Moora, M., Liira, J. & Zobel, M. (2006) Composition of root-colonizing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in different ecosystems around the globe. Journal of Ecology, 94, 778790.
  • Regvar, M., Vogel, K., Irgel, N., Wraber, T., Hildebrandt, U., Wilde, P. et al. (2003) Colonization of pennycresses (Thlaspi spp.) of the Brassicaceae by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Plant Physiology, 160, 615626.
  • Saitou, N. & Nei, M. (1987) The Neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 4, 406425.
  • Sanders, I.R. & Fitter, A.H. (1992) Evidence for differential responses between host/fungus combinations of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas from a grassland. Mycological Research, 96, 415419.
  • Santos, J.C., Finlay, R.D. & Tehler, A. (2006) Molecular analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonising a semi-natural grassland along a fertilisation gradient. New Phytologist, 172, 159168.
  • Scheublin, T.R., Ridgway, K., Young, J.P.W. & Van Der Heijden, M.G.A. (2004) Legumes, non legumes and root nodules harbor different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Applied and Environmental Biology, 70, 62406246.
  • Schüßler, A., Schwartzott, D. & Walker, C. (2001) A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution. Mycological Research, 105, 14131421.
  • Simon, L.C., Levesque, R.C. & Lalonde, M. (1993) Identification of endomycorrhizal fungi colonising roots by fluorescent single-strand conformation polymorphism–polymerase chain reaction. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 59, 42114215.
  • Smilauer, P. & Smilauerova, M. (2000) Effect of AM symbiosis exclusion on grassland community composition. Folia Geobotanica, 35, 1325.
  • Smith, M.D., Hartnett, D.C. & Rice, C.W. (2000) Effects of long-term fungicide applications on microbial properties in tallgrass prairie soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32, 935946.
  • Smith, S.E. & Read, D.J. (1997) Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press, London.
  • Thompson, J.D., Gibson, T.J., Plewniak, F., Jeanmougin, F. & Higgins, D.G. (1997) The Clustal–X interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Research, 25, 48764882.
  • Vallino, M., Massa, N., Lumini, E., Bianciotto, V., Berta, G. & Bonfante, P. (2006) Assessment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in roots of Solidago gigantea growing in a polluted soil in northern Italy. Environmental Microbiology, 8, 971983.
  • Vandenkoornhuyse, P., Husband, R., Daniell, T.J., Watson, I.J., Duck, J.M., Fitter, A.H. et al. (2002) Arbuscular mycorrhizal community composition associated with two plant species in a grassland ecosystem. Molecular Ecology, 11, 15551564.
  • Vandenkoornhuyse, P., Ridgway, K.P., Watson, I.J., Fitter, A.H. & Young, J.P.W. (2003) Co-existing grass species have distinctive arbuscular mycorrhizal communities. Molecular Ecology, 12, 30853095.
  • Whitfield, L., Richards, A.J. & Rimmer, D.L. (2004) Effects of mycorrhizal colonisation on Thymus polytrichus from heavy-metal-contaminated sites in northern England. Mycorrhiza, 14, 4754.
  • Wirsel, S.G.R. (2004) Homogenous stands of a wetland grass harbour diverse consortia of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 48, 129138.