SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andresen, E. (2001) Effects of dung presence, dung amount and secondary dispersal by dung beetles on the fate of Micropholis guyanensis (Sapotaceae) seeds in central Amazonia. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 17, 6178.
  • Balgooyen, T.G. (1971) Pellet regurgitation by captive Sparrow Hawks (Falco sparverius). Condor, 73, 382385.
  • Brown, R.W., Lawrence, M.J. & Pope, J. (1993) Animal Tracks, Trails and Signs. Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, London.
  • Campbell, B. & Lack, E. (1985) A Dictionary Of Birds. Poyser, Calton.
  • Carlquist, S. (1967) The biota of long-distance dispersal. V. Plant dispersal to Pacific Islands. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 94, 129162.
  • Carracedo, J.C., Singer, B., Jicha, B., Guillou, H., Rodríguez Badiola, E., Meco, J., Pérez Torrado, F.J., Gimeno, D., Socorro, S. & Láinez, A. (2003) La erupción y el tubo volcánico del volcán Corona (Lanzarote, Islas Canarias). Estudios Geológicos, 59, 277302.
  • Chambers, J.C. & MacMahon, J.A. (1994) A day in the life of a seed: movement and fates of seeds and their implications for natural and managed systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 25, 263292.
  • Clark, J.S., Lewis, M. & Horvath, L. (2001) Invasion by extremes: population spread with variation in dispersal and reproduction. American Naturalist, 157, 537554.
  • Damstra, K. (1986) Editorial (notes by George Hall). Tree Life, 71, 5.
  • Dean, W.R.J. & Milton, S.J. (1988) Dispersal of seeds by raptors. African Journal of Ecology, 26, 173176.
  • Duke, G.E., Evanson, O.A. & Jegers, A. (1976) Meal to pellet intervals in 14 species of captive raptors. Comparative Biochemical Physiology, 53A, 16.
  • Espadaler, X. & Gómez, C. (1996) Seed production, predation and dispersal in the Mediterranean myrmecochore Euphorbia characias (Euphorbiaceae). Ecography, 19, 715.
  • Estrada, A. & Coates-Estrada, R. (1991) Howler monkeys (Allouatta palliata), dung beetles (Scarabaeidae) and seed dispersal: ecological interactions in the tropical rain forest of Los Tuxlas, Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 7, 456474.
  • Forget, P.-M. & Milleron, T. (1991) Evidence for secondary seed dispersal by rodents in Panama. Oecologia, 87, 596599.
  • Gardener, C.J., McIvor, J.G. & Janzen, A. (1993) Passage of legume and grass seeds through the digestive tract of cattle and their survival in faeces. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30, 6374.
  • Greene, D.F. & Johnson, E.A. (1995) Long-distance wind dispersal of tree seeds. Canadian Journal of Botany, 73, 10361045.
  • Hall, G. (1987) Seed dispersal by birds of prey. Zimbabwe Science News, 21, 12.
  • Higgins, S.I. & Richardson, D.M. (1999) Predicting plant migration rates in a changing world: the role of long-distance dispersal. American Naturalist, 153, 464475.
  • Izhaki, I. & Safriel, U.N. (1990) The effect of some Mediterranean scrubland frugivores upon germination patterns. Journal of Ecology, 78, 5665.
  • Jordano, P., García, C., Godoy, J. & García-Castaño, J. (2007) Differential contribution of frugivores to complex seed dispersal patterns. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104, 32783282.
  • Kauffmann, S., McKey, D.B., Hossaert-McKey, M. & Horvitz, C.C. (1991) Adaptations for a two-phase seed dispersal system involving vertebrates and ants in a hemiepiphytic fig (Ficus microcarpa: Moraceae). American Journal of Botany, 78, 971977.
  • Levey, D.J. & Byrne, M.M. (1993) Complex ant–plant interactions: rain forest ants as secondary dispersers and post-dispersal seed predators. Ecology, 74, 18021812.
  • Meinertzhagen, R. (1955) The speed and altitude of bird flight. Ibis, 97, 81117.
  • Moore, P. (1999) A shrike for mobility. Nature, 379, 2223.
  • Nathan, R. (2006) Long-distance dispersal of plants. Science, 313, 786788.
  • Nathan, R. & Katul, G.G. (2005) Foliage shedding in deciduous forest lifts up long-distance seed dispersal by wind. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 102, 82518256.
  • Nathan, R., Katul, G.G., Horn, H.S., Thomas, S.M., Orem, R., Avissar, R., Pacala, S.W. & Levin, S.A. (2002) Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by wind. Nature, 418, 409413.
  • Nogales, M., Delgado, J.D. & Medina, F.M. (1998) Shrikes, lizards and Lycium intricatum (Solanaceae) fruits: a case of indirect seed dispersal on an oceanic island (Alegranza, Canaries). Journal of Ecology, 86, 866871.
  • Nogales, M., Hernández, E.C. & Valdés, F. (1999) Seed dispersal by common ravens Corvus corax among island habitats (Canarian Archipelago). Écoscience, 6, 5661.
  • Nogales, M., Medina, F.M., Quilis, V. & González-Rodríguez, M. (2001) Ecological and biogeographical implications of Yellow-Legged Gulls (Larus cachinnans Pallas) as seed dispersers of Rubia fruticosa Ait. (Rubiaceae) in the Canary Islands. Journal of Biogeography, 28, 11371145.
  • Nogales, M., Medina, F.M. & Valido, A. (1996) Indirect seed dispersal by the feral cats Felis catus in island ecosystems (Canary Islands). Ecography, 19, 36.
  • Nogales, M., Nieves, C., Illera, J.C., Padilla, D.P. & Traveset, A. (2005) Effect of native and alien vertebrate frugivores on seed viability and germination patterns of Rubia fruticosa (Rubiaceae) in the eastern Canary Islands. Functional Ecology, 19, 429436.
  • Nogales, M., Quilis, V., Medina, F.M., Mora, J.L. & Trigo, L.S. (2002) Are predatory birds effective secondary seed dispersers? Biology Journal of the Linnean Society, 75, 345352.
  • Olesen, J. & Valido, A. (2003) Lizards as pollinators and seed dispersers: an island phenomenon. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 177181.
  • Olsson, V. (1985) The winter habits of the Great Grey Shrike, Lanius excubitor. 4. Handling of prey. Var Fagelvärld, 44, 269283.
  • Padilla, D.P., Nogales, M. & Pérez, A.J. (2005) Seasonal diet of an insular endemic population of Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis koenigi on Tenerife, Canary Islands. Ornis Fennica, 82, 155165.
  • Paulsen, T.R., Lindtjorn, O., Gjerdet, N.R. & Hogstedt, G. (2006) Avian gut passage reduces seed exit costs in Sorbus aucuparia (Rosaceae) as measured by a diametral compression test. Functional Plant Biology, 33, 611.
  • Pizo, M.A., Guimaraes, P.R. & Oliveira, P.S. (2005) Seed removal by ants from faeces produced by different vertebrate species. Écoscience, 12, 136140.
  • Ridley, H.N. (1930) The Dispersal of Plants Throughout the World. L. Reeve, Ashford.
  • Schupp, E.W. (1993) Quantity, quality and the effectiveness of seed dispersal by animals. Frugivory and Seed Dispersal: Ecological and Evolutionary Aspects (eds T.Fleming & A.Estrada), pp. 1529. Kluwer, Dordrecht.
  • Shepherd, V.E. & Chapman, C.A. (1998) Dung beetles as secondary seed dispersers: impact on seed predation and germination. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 14, 199221.
  • SPSS (2005) SPSS for Windows Release 14.0. SPSS, Inc., Chicago.
  • Stuart, C. & Stuart, T. (1994) Tracks and Signs of Southern and East African Wildlife. Southern Book Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Traveset, A. (1998) Effect of seed passage through vertebrate frugivores’ guts on germination: a review. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 1/2, 151190.
  • Traveset, A., Riera, N. & Mas, R.E. (2001) Passage through bird guts causes interspecific differences in seed germination characteristics. Functional Ecology, 15, 669675.
  • Traveset, A., Rodríguez-Pérez, J. & Pías, B. (in press) Changes in seed traits in the digestive tract of dispersers and consequences for germination and seedling growth. Ecology.
  • Valido, A. & Nogales, M. (1994) Frugivory and seed dispersal by the lizard Gallotia galloti (Lacertidae) in a xeric habitat of the Canary Islands. Oikos, 70, 403411.
  • Vander Wall, S.B. (2002) Secondary dispersal of Jeffrey pine seeds by rodent scatter hoarders: the roles of pilfering, recaching, and a variable environment. Seed Dispersal and Frugivory: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation (eds D.Levey, W.R.Silva & M.Galetti, M. ), pp. 193208. CAB International, Wallingford.
  • Vander Wall, S.B. & Longland, W.S. (2004) Diplochory: are two seed dispersers better than one? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19, 155161.
  • Wenny, D.G. (1999) Two-stage dispersal of Guarea glabra and G. kunthiana (Meliaceae) in Monteverde, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 15, 481496.
  • Yalden, D.W. & Yalden, P.E. (1985) An experimental investigation of examining Kestrel diet by pellet analysis. Bird Study, 32, 5055.