SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Akaike, H. (1973) Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. 2nd International Symposium on Information Theory (edS B.N. Petrov & F. Csáki), pp. 267281. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.
  • Ashton, P.S. & Hall, P. (1992) Comparisons of structure among mixed dipterocarp forests of north-western Borneo. Journal of Ecology, 80, 459481.
  • Baker, T.R., Phillips, O.L., Malhi, Y., Almeida, S., Arroyo, L., Di Fiore, A., Erwin, T., Killeen, T.J., Laurance, S.G., Laurance, W.F., Lewis, S.L., Lloyd, J., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D.A., Patiño, S., Pitman, N.C.A., Silva, J.N.M. & Vásquez Martínez, R. (2004) Variation in wood density determines spatial patterns in Amazonian forest biomass. Global Change Biology, 10, 545562.
  • Barlow, J., Lagan, B.O. & Peres, C.A. (2003) Morphological correlates of fire-induced tree mortality in a central Amazonian forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 19, 291299.
  • Bigler, C., Gričar, J., Bugmann, H. & Čufar, K. (2004) Growth patterns as indicators of impending tree death in silver fir. Forest Ecology and Management, 199, 183190.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretic Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Carey, E.V., Brown, S., Gillespie, A.J.R. & Lugo, A.E. (1994) Tree mortality in mature lowland tropical moist and tropical lower montane moist forests of Venezuela. Biotropica, 26, 255265.
  • Chave, J., Muller-Landau, H.C., Baker, T.R., Easdale, T.A., Ter Steege, H. & Webb, C.O. (2006) Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications, 16, 23562367.
  • Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1995) Mortality rates of 205 neotropical tree and shrub species and the impact of a severe drought. Ecological Monographs, 65, 419439.
  • Coomes, D.A. & Allen, R.B. (2007) Mortality and tree-size distributions in natural mixed-age forests. Journal of Ecology, 95, 2740.
  • Davies, S.J. (2001) Tree mortality and growth in 11 sympatric Macaranga Species in Borneo. Ecology, 82, 920932.
  • Field, C.B., Behrenfeld, M.J., Randerson, J.T. & Falkowski, P. (1998) Primary production of the biosphere: integrating terrestrial and oceanic components. Science, 281, 237240.
  • Franklin, J.F., Shugart, H.H. & Harmon, M.E. (1987) Tree death as an ecological process. BioScience, 37, 550556.
  • Gentry, A.H. (1988) Tree species richness of upper Amazonian forests. Proceedings Of the National Academy Of Sciences Of the United States Of America, 85, 156159.
  • Harmon, M.E., Franklin, J.F., Swanson, F.J., Sollins, P., Gregory, S.V., Lattin, J.D., Anderson, N.H., Cline, S.P., Aumen, N.G., Sedell, J.R., Lienkaemper, G.W., Cromack, K.J. & Cummins, K.W. (1986) Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. Advances in Ecological Research, 15, 133302.
  • Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A. & Seberg, O. (2007) Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
  • Hosmer, D.W. & Lemeshow, S. (2000) Applied Logistic Regression. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
  • King, D.A., Davies, S.J. & Noor, N.S.M. (2006a) Growth and mortality are related to adult tree size in a Malaysian mixed dipterocarp forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 223, 152158.
  • King, D.A., Davies, S.J., Tan, S. & Noor, N.S.M. (2006b) The role of wood density and stem support costs in the growth and mortality of tropical trees. Journal of Ecology, 94, 670680.
  • Korning, J. & Balslev, H. (1994) Growth rates and mortality patterns of tropical lowland tree species and the relation to forest structure in Amazonian Ecuador. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 10, 151166.
  • Lewis, S.L., Phillips, O.L., Baker, T.R., Lloyd, J., Malhi, Y., Almeida, S., Higuchi, N., Laurance, W.F., Neill, D.A., Silva, J.N.M., Terborgh, J., Torres Lezama, A., Vásquez Martínez, R., Brown, S., Chave, J., Kuebler, C., Núñez Vargas, P. & Vinceti, B. (2004a) Concerted changes in tropical forest structure and dynamics: evidence form 50 South American long-term plots. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 359, 421436.
  • Lewis, S.L., Phillips, O.L., Sheil, D., Vinceti, B., Baker, T.R., Brown, S., Graham, A.W., Higuchi, N., Hilbert, D.W., Laurance, W.F., Lejoly, J., Malhi, Y., Monteagudo, A., Núñez Vargas, P., Sonk, B., Supardi, M.N.N., Terborgh, J.W. & Vásquez Martínez, R. (2004b) Tropical forest tree mortality, recruitment and turnover rates: calculation, interpretation and comparison when census intervals vary. Journal of Ecology, 92, 929944.
  • Lieberman, D. & Lieberman, M. (1987) Forest tree growth and dynamics at La Selva, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 3, 347358.
  • Loehle, C. (1987) Tree life history strategies: the role of defenses. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 18, 209222.
  • Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Baker, T.R., Lewis, S.L., Peacock, J. & Phillips, O.L. (2006) Functional Trait Database. RAINFOR <http://www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/projects/rainfor/>, Date of extraction: 8th Feb 2007.
  • Lugo, A.E. & Scatena, F.N. (1996) Background and catastrophic tree mortality in tropical moist, wet, and rain forests. Biotropica, 28, 585599.
  • Malhi, Y., Baker, T.R., Phillips, O.L., Almeida, S., Alvarez, E., Arroyo, L., Chave, J., Czimczik, C.I., Di Fiore, A., Higuchi, N., Killeen, T.J., Laurance, S.G., Laurance, W.F., Lewis, S.L., Mercado Montoya, L.M., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D.A., Núñez Vargas, P., Patiño, S., Pitman, N.C. A., Quesada, C.A., Salomão, R., Silva, J.N.M., Torres Lezama, A., Vásquez Martínez, R., Terborgh, J., Vinceti, B. & Lloyd, J. (2004) The above-ground coarse wood productivity of 104 neotropical forest plots. Global Change Biology, 10, 563591.
  • Malhi, Y., Phillips, O.L., Lloyd, J., Baker, T.R., Wright, J., Almeida, S., Arroyo, L., Frederiksen, T., Grace, J., Higuchi, N., Killeen, T., Laurance, W.F., Leaño, C., Lewis, S.L., Meir, P., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D., Núñez Vargas, P., Panfil, S.N., Patiño, S., Pitman, N., Quesada, C.A., Rudas-Ll., A., Salomão, R., Saleska, S., Silva, N., Silveira, M., Sombroek, W.G., Valencia, R., Vásquez Martínez, R., Vieira, I.C.G. & Vinceti, B. (2002) An international network to monitor the structure, composition and dynamics of Amazonian forests (RAINFOR). Journal of Vegetation Science, 13, 439450.
  • Malhi, Y., Wood, D., Baker, T.R., Wright, J., Phillips, O.L., Cochrane, T., Meir, P., Chave, J., Almeida, S., Arroyo, L., Higuchi, N., Killeen, T.J., Laurance, S.G., Laurance, W.F., LeWis, S.L., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D.A., Núñez Vargas, P., Pitman, N.C.A., Quesada, C.A., Salomão, R., Silva, J.N.M., Torres Lezama, A., Terborgh, J., Vásquez Martínez, R. & Vinceti, B. (2006) The regional variation of aboveground live biomass in old-growth Amazonian forests. Global Change Biology, 12, 11071138.
  • Manokaran, N. & Kochummen, K.M. (1987) Recruitment, growth and mortality of tree species in a lowland dipterocarp forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 3, 315330.
  • Monserud, R.A. & Sterba, H. (1999) Modeling individual tree mortality for Austrian forest species. Forest Ecology and Management, 113, 109123.
  • Muller-Landau, H.C., Condit, R.S., Chave, J., Thomas, S.C., Bohlman, S.A., Bunyavejchewin, S., Davies, S., Foster, R., Gunatilleke, S., Gunatilleke, N., Harms, K.E., Hart, T., Hubbell, S.P., Itoh, A., Kassim, A.R., LaFrankie, J.V., Lee, H.S., Losos, E., Makana, J.R., Ohkubo, T., Sukumar, R., Sun, I.F., Supardi, N.M.N., Tan, S., Thompson, J., Valencia, R., Munoz, G.V., Wills, C., Yamakura, T., Chuyong, G., Dattaraja, H.S., Esufali, S., Hall, P., Hernandez, C., Kenfack, D., Kiratiprayoon, S., Suresh, H.S., Thomas, D., Vallejo, M.I. & Ashton, P. (2006) Testing metabolic ecology theory for allometric scaling of tree size, growth and mortality in tropical forests. Ecology Letters, 9, 575588.
  • Nascimento, H.E.M., Laurance, W.F., Condit, R., Laurance, S.G., D’Angelo, S. & Andrade, A.C. (2005) Demographic and life-history correlates for Amazonian trees. Journal of Vegetation Science, 16, 625634.
  • Peacock, J., Baker, T.R., Lewis, S.L., Lopez-Gonzalez, G. & Phillips, O.L. (2007) The RAINFOR plot database: monitoring forest biomass and dynamics. Journal of Vegetation Science, 18, 553542.
  • Phillips, O.L., Baker, T.R., Arroyo, L., Higuchi, N., Killeen, T.J., Laurance, W.F., Lewis, S.L., Lloyd, J., Malhi, Y., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D.A., Núñez Vargas, P., Silva, J.N.M., Terborgh, J., Vásquez Martínez, R., Alexiades, M., Almeida, S., Brown, S., Chave, J., Comiskey, J.A., Czimczik, C.I., Di Fiore, A., Erwin, T., Kuebler, C., Laurance, S.G., Nascimento, H.E.M., Olivier, J., Palacios, W., Patiño, S., Pitman, N.C.A., Quesada, C.A., Saldias, M., Torres Lezama, A. & Vinceti, B. (2004) Pattern and process in Amazon tree turnover, 1976–2001. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 359, 381407.
  • Russo, S.E., Davies, S.J., King, D.A. & Tan, S. (2005) Soil-related performance variation and distributions of tree species in a Bornean rain forest. Journal of Ecology, 93, 879889.
  • Sheil, D., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Alder, D. (1995) The interpretation and misinterpretation of mortality rate measures. Journal of Ecology, 83, 331333.
  • Shen, G., Moore, J.A. & Hatch, C.R. (2001) The effect of nitrogen fertilization, rock type, and habitat type on individual tree mortality. Forest Science, 47, 203213.
  • Sombroek, W. (2001) Spatial and temporal patterns of Amazon rainfall-consequences for the planning of agricultural occupation and the protection of primary forests. Ambio, 30, 388396.
  • Swaine, M.D., Hall, J.B. & Alexander, I.J. (1987) Tree population dynamics at Kade, Ghana (1968–82). Journal of Tropical Ecology, 3, 331345.
  • Ter Steege, H., Pitman, N.C.A., Phillips, O.L., Chave, J., Sabatier, D., Duque, A., Molino, J.-F., Prévost, M.-F., Spichiger, R., Castellanos, H., Von Hildebrand, P. & Vásquez, R. (2006) Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia. Nature, 443, 444447.
  • Ter Steege, H., Pitman, N., Sabatier, D., Castellanos, H., Van Der Hout, P., D.C., D., Silveira, M., Phillips, O.L., Vasquez, R., Van Andel, T., Duivenvoorden, J., Adalardo de Oliveira, A., Ek, R., Lilwah, R., Thomas, R., Van Essen, J., Baider, C., Maas, P., Mori, S., Terborgh, J., Núñez Vargas, P., Mogollón, H. & Morawetz, W. (2003) A spatial model of tree α-diversity and tree density for the Amazon. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 22552277.
  • Van Gelder, H.A., Poorter, L. & Sterck, F.J. (2006) Wood mechanics, allometry, and life-history variation in a tropical rain forest tree community. New Phytologist, 171, 367378.
  • Van Mantgem, P.J., Stephenson, N.L., Mutch, L.S., Johnson, V.G., Esperanza, A.M. & Parsons, D.J. (2003) Growth rate predicts mortality of Abies concolor in both burned and unburned stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33, 10291038.
  • Vanclay, J.K. (1990) Mortality functions for north Queensland rain forests. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 4, 1536.
  • Vásquez Martínez, R. & Phillips, O.L. (2000) Allpahuayo: floristics, structure, and dynamics of a high-diversity forest in Amazonian Peru. Annals Missouri Botanical Garden, 87, 499527.
  • Vásquez Martínez, R. (1997) Flórula de las Reservas Biológicas de Iquitos, Perú. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Veillon, J.P. (1985) El crecimiento de algunos bosques naturales de Venezuela en relación con los parámetros del medio ambiente. Revista Forestal Venezolana, 29, 5120.
  • Yao, X., Titus, S.J. & MacDonald, S.E. (2001) A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality for aspen, white spruce, and lodgepole pine in Alberta mixedwood forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31, 283291.