SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aerts, R. & Chapin, III F.S. (2000) The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: a re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Advances in Ecological Research, 30, 167.
  • Allen, S.E. (ed.) (1989) Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials, 2nd edn. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.
  • Bennie, J., Hill, M.O., Baxter, R. & Huntley, B. (2006) Influence of slope and aspect on long-term vegetation change in British chalk grasslands. Journal of Ecology, 94, 355368.
  • Bobbink, R., Hornung, M. & Roelofs, J.M. (1998) The effects of air-borne nitrogen pollutants on species diversity in natural and semi-natural European vegetation. Journal of Ecology, 86, 717738.
  • Booth, R.E. (2002) The role of diversity in the maintenance of community and ecosystem function; intra and inter specific diversity. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, UK.
  • Cardinale, B.J., Srivastava, D.S., Duffy, J.E., Wright, J.P., Downing, J.E., Sankaran, M. & Jouseau, C. (2006) Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems. Nature, 443, 989992.
  • Conover, W.J. & Iman, R.L. (1981) Rank transformations as a bridge between parametric and nonparametric statistics. American Statistician, 35, 124129.
  • Da Vies, J., Briarty, L.G. & O’Rieley, J. (1973) Observations on the swollen lateral roots of the cyperaceae. New Phytologist, 72, 167173.
  • Duffy, J.E., Richardson, J.P. & Canuel, E.A. (2003) Grazer diversity effects on ecosystem functioning in seagrass beds. Ecology Letters, 6, 637645.
  • Dukes, J.S. (2001) Productivity and complementarity in grassland microcosms of varying diversity. Oikos, 94, 468480.
  • Fridley, J.D. (2001) The influence of species diversity on ecosystem productivity: how, where, and why? Oikos, 93, 514526.
  • Furness, S.B. (1978) Ecological Investigations of Growth and Temperature Responses in Bryophytes. PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield, UK.
  • Grime, J.P. (2001) Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes and Ecosystem Properties, 2nd edn. Wiley, Chichester.
  • Grime, J.P. (2002) Declining plant diversity: empty niches or functional shifts? Journal of Vegetation Science, 13, 457460.
  • Hadi, D.A. & Cape, J.N. (1995) Preservation of throughfall samples by chloroform and thymol. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 61, 103116.
  • Harley, J.L. & Harley, E.L. (1987) A checklist of mycorrhiza in the British flora. New Phytologist, 105 (Suppl.), 1102.
  • Hector, A. & Bagchi, R. (2007) Biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature, 448, 188190.
  • Hector, A., Joshi, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Spehn, E.M., Wacker, L. et al . (2007) Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: reconciling the results of experimental and observational studies. Functional Ecology, 21, 9981002.
  • Hector, A., Schmid, B., Beierkuhnlein, C., Caldeira, M.C., Diemer, M., Dimitrakopoulos, P.G. et al . (1999) Plant diversity and productivity experiments in European grasslands. Science, 286, 11231127.
  • Hodge, A., Campbell, C.D. & Fitter, A.H. (2001) An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus accelerates decomposition and acquires nitrogen directly from organic material. Nature, 413, 297299.
  • Hooper, D.U. & Vitousek, P.M. (1997) The effects of plant composition and diversity on ecosystem processes. Science, 277, 13021305.
  • Hooper, D.U. & Vitousek, P.M. (1998) Effects of plant composition and diversity on nutrient cycling. Ecological Monographs, 68, 121149.
  • Hooper, D.U., Chapin, F.S., Ewel, J.J., Hector, A., Inchausti, P., Lavorel, S. et al . (2005) Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs, 75, 335.
  • Johnson, D., Leake, J.R. & Read, D.J. (2001) Novel in-growth core system enables functional studies of grassland mycorrhizal mycelial networks. New Phytologist, 152, 555562.
  • Johnson, D., Vandenkoornhuyse, P.J., Leake, J.R., Gilbert, L., Booth, R.E., Grime, J.P., Young, J.P.W. & Read, D.J. (2004) Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms. New Phytologist, 161, 503515.
  • Lanta, V. & Leps, J. (2006) Effect of functional group richness and species richness in manipulated productivity-diversity studies: a glasshouse pot experiment. Acta Oecologica, 29, 8596.
  • Levang-Brilz, N. & Biondini, M.E. (2003) Growth rate, root development and nutrient uptake of 55 plant species from the Great Plains Grasslands, USA. Plant Ecology, 165, 117144.
  • Mulder, C.P.H., Jumpponen, A., Hogberg, P. & Huss-Danell, K. (2002) How plant diversity and legumes affect nitrogen dynamics in experimental grassland communities. Oecologia, 133, 412421.
  • Naeem, S., Thompson, L.J., Lawler, S.P., Lawton, J.H. & Woodfin, R.M. (1994) Declining biodiversity can alter the performance of ecosystems. Nature, 368, 734737.
  • Naeem, S., Thompson, L.J., Lawler, S.P., Lawton, J.H. & Woodfin, R.M. (1995) Empirical-evidence that declining species-diversity may alter the performance of terrestrial ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 347, 249262.
  • Phoenix, G.K., Booth, R.E., Leake, J.R., Read, D.J., Grime, J.P. & Lee, J.A. (2003) Effects of enhanced nitrogen deposition and phosphorus limitation on nitrogen budgets of semi-natural grasslands. Global Change Biology, 9, 13091321.
  • Phoenix, G.K., Leake, J.R., Read, D.J., Grime, J.P. & Lee, J.A. (2004) Accumulation of pollutant nitrogen in calcareous and acidic grasslands: evidence from N flux and 15N tracer studies. Water Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4, 159167.
  • Preston, C.D., Telfer, M.G., Arnold, H.R., Carey, P.D., Cooper, J.M., Dines, T.D., Hill, M.O., Pearman, D.A., Roy, D.B. & Smart, S.M. (2002) The Changing Flora of the UK. DEFRA, London.
  • Quinn, G.P. & Keough, M.J. (2002) Experimental Design and Data Analysis for Biologists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Palmborg, C., Prinz. A. & Schulze, E.D. (2003) The role of plant diversity and composition for nitrate leaching in grasslands. Ecology, 84, 15391552.
  • Schmid, B., Hector, A., Huston, M.A., Inchausti, P., Nijs, I., Leadley, P.W. & Tilman, D. (2002) The design and analysis of biodiversity experiments. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives (eds M.Loreau, S.Naeem & P.Inchausti), Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 6175.
  • Spehn, E.M., Hector, A., Joshi, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Bazeley-White, E. et al . (2005) Ecosystem effects of biodiversity manipulations in European grasslands. Ecological Monographs, 75, 3763.
  • Symstad, A.J. (2000) A test of the effects of functional group richness and composition on grassland invasibility. Ecology, 81, 99109.
  • Thompson, K., Askew, A.P., Grime, J.P., Dunnett, N.P. & Willis, A.J. (2005) Biodiversity, ecosystem function and plant traits in mature and immature plant communities. Functional Ecology, 19, 355358.
  • Tilman, D., Naeem, S., Knops, J., Reich, P., Siemann, E., Wedin, D., Ritchie, M. & Lawton, J. (1997) The influence of functional diversity and composition on ecosystem processes. Science, 278, 18661867.
  • Tilman, D., Reich, P.B. & Knops, J.M.H. (2006) Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature, 441, 629632.
  • Tilman, D., Wedin, D. & Knops, J. (1996) Productivity and sustainability influenced by biodiversity in grassland ecosystems. Nature, 379, 718720.