Appendix S1. Distribution maps of the six species in the British Isles (Preston, Pearman & Dines 2002).

Appendix S2. Population projection matrices of each species used for wavespeed modelling.

Appendix S3. The locations of English weather stations for which wind data 1971–90 were extracted.

Appendix S4. Global Climate Models (GCM) used in this study.

Appendix S5. Details of the numerical techniques in calculating the wavespeeds.

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