Table S1. Phylogenetic signal in studied traits.

Table S2. The direction and significance of change in dry mass in response to shading treatments for each studied species.

Figure S1. The effect of light availability on plant shoot and root mass.

Figure S2. Frequency distributions of the relative difference in plant dry mass between (a) 25% daylight and full daylight treatments; and (b) 10% daylight and full daylight treatments.

Figure S3. Relationships between change in plant mass in response to different shading treatments and species ecological optima for nitrogen and soil moisture, and morphological plasticity in leaf area ratio.

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