SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aubréville, A. (1938) Regeneration patterns in the closed forest of Ivory Coast (La forêt coloniale). Academie des Sciences Coloniales: Annales, 9, 126137.
  • Baraloto, C. & Goldberg, D.E. (2004) Microhabitat associations and seedling bank dynamics in a neotropical forest. Oecologia, 141, 701712.
  • Bates, D. & Maechle, M. (2010) lme4: linear mixed-effects models using S4 classes. R package version 0.999375-34. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4
  • Bjornstad, O.N. (2009) ncf: spatial nonparametric covariance functions. R package version 1.1-3. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ncf.
  • Brokaw, N. & Busing, R.T. (2000) Niche versus chance and tree diversity in forest gaps. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 15, 183188.
  • Cannon, C.H. & Leighton, M. (2004) Tree species distributions across five habitats in a Bornean rain forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15, 257266.
  • Chesson, P. (2000) Mechanisms of maintenance of species diversity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, 343366.
  • Clark, D.B., Clark, D.A. & Read, J.M. (1998) Edaphic variation and the mesoscale distribution of tree species in a neotropical rain forest. Journal of Ecology, 86, 101112.
  • Comita, L.S., Condit, R. & Hubbell, S.P. (2007) Developmental changes in habitat associations of tropical trees. Journal of Ecology, 95, 482492.
  • Comita, L.S. & Engelbrecht, B.M.J. (2009) Seasonal and spatial variation in water availability drive habitat associations in a tropical forest. Ecology, 90, 27552765.
  • Comita, L.S., Muller-Landau, H.C., Aguilar, S. & Hubbell, S.P. (2010) Asymmetric density dependence shapes species abundances in a tropical tree community. Science, 330, 329332.
  • Connell, J.H. (1971) On the role of natural enemies in preventing competitive exclusion in some marine animals and rain forest trees. Dynamics of numbers in populations. (eds P.J. van der Boer & G.R. Gradell), pp. 298312. Wageninging, London.
  • Connell, J.H. (1978) Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs: high diversity of trees and corals is maintained only in a non-equilibrium state. Science, 199, 13021310.
  • Connell, J.H. & Green, P.T. (2000) Seedling dynamics over thirty-two years in a tropical rain forest tree. Ecology, 81, 568584.
  • Delissio, L.J., Primack, R.B., Hall, P. & Lee, H.S. (2002) A decade of canopy-tree seedling survival and growth in two Bornean rain forests: persistence and recovery from suppression. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 18, 645658.
  • Dormann, C.F., McPherson, J.M., Araújo, M.B., Bivand, R., Bolliger, J., Carl, G. et al. (2007) Methods to account for spatial autocorrelation in the analysis of species distributional data: a review. Ecography, 30, 609628.
  • Fine, P.V.A., Mesones, I. & Coley, P.D. (2004) Herbivores promote habitat specialization by trees in Amazonian forests. Science (Washington D C), 305, 663665.
  • Fraver, S., Brokaw, N.V.L. & Smith, A.P. (1998) Delimiting the gap phase in the growth cycle of a Panamanian forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 14, 673681.
  • Gentry, A.H. (1992) Tropical forest biodiversity: distributional patterns and their conservational significance. Oikos, 63, 1928.
  • Grubb, P.J. (1977) Maintenance of species richness in plant communities: importance of the regeneration niche. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 52, 107145.
  • Gunatilleke, C.V.S., Gunatilleke, I.a.U.N., Esufali, S., Harms, K.E., Ashton, P.M.S., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Ashton, P.S. (2006) Species–habitat associations in a Sri Lankan dipterocarp forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 22, 371384.
  • Hall, J.S., McKenna, J.J., Ashton, P.M.S. & Gregoire, T.G. (2004) Habitat characterizations underestimate the role of edaphic factors controlling the distribution of Entandrophragma. Ecology, 85, 21712183.
  • Harms, K.E., Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (2001) Habitat associations of trees and shrubs in a 50-ha neotropical forest plot. Journal of Ecology, 89, 947959.
  • Hubbell, S.P. (2001) The Unified Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1986) Biology, chance, and history and the structure of tropical rain forest tree communities. Community Ecology (eds J. Diamond & T. Case), pp. 314329. Harper & Row, New York.
  • Hurtt, G.C. & Pacala, S.W. (1995) The consequences of recruitment limitation: reconciling chance, history and competitive differences between plants. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 176, 112.
  • Janzen, D.H. (1970) Herbivores and the number of tree species in tropical forests. American Naturalist, 104, 501528.
  • Janzen, D.H. (1974) Tropical black water rivers, animals and mast fruiting by the Dipterocarpaceae. Biotropica, 62, 69103.
  • John, R., Dalling, J.W., Harms, K.E., Yavitt, J.B., Stallard, R.F., Mirabello, M., Hubbell, S.P., Valencia, R., Navarrete, H., Vallejo, M. & Foster, R.B. (2007) Soil nutrients influence spatial distributions of tropical tree species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 864869.
  • Kraft, N.J.B. & Ackerly, D.D. (2010) Functional trait and phylogenetic tests of community assembly across spatial scales in an Amazonian forest. Ecological Monographs, 80, 401422.
  • Kraft, N.J.B., Valencia, R. & Ackerly, D.D. (2008) Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest. Science, 322, 580582.
  • Losos, E.C. & Leigh, E.G.. (2004) Tropical Forest Diversity and Dynamism: Findings From a Large-Scale Plot Network. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Mangan, S. a., Schnitzer, S. a., Herre, E. a., Mack, K.M.L., Valencia, M.C., Sanchez, E.I. & Bever, J.D. (2010) Negative plant-soil feedback predicts tree-species relative abundance in a tropical forest. Nature, 466, 752755.
  • Metz, M.R., Sousa, W.P. & Valencia, R. (2010) Widespread density-dependent seedling mortality promotes species coexistence in a highly diverse Amazonian rain forest. Ecology, 91, 36753685.
  • Metz, M.R., Comita, L.S., Chen, Y.-Y., Norden, N., Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P., Sun, I.-F., Noor, N.S.B.M. & Wright, S.J. (2008) Temporal and spatial variability in seedling dynamics: a cross-site comparison in four lowland tropical forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 24, 918.
  • Nathan, R. & Muller-Landau, H.C. (2000) Spatial patterns of seed dispersal, their determinants and consequences for recruitment. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 15, 278285.
  • Orians, G.H. (1982) The influence of tree-falls in tropical forest tree species richness. Tropical Ecology, 23, 255279.
  • Persson, V. (2006) Effects of climatic seasonality on reproductive phenology of tropical forest plants. PhD Thesis. University of Aberdeen, UK.
  • Potts, M.D., Davies, S.J., Bossert, W.H., Tan, S. & Supardi, M.N.N. (2004) Habitat heterogeneity and niche structure of trees in two tropical rain forests. Oecologia, 139, 446453.
  • Queenborough, S.A., Burslem, D.F.R.P., Garwood, N.C. & Valencia, R. (2007) Habitat niche partitioning by 16 species of Myristicaceae in Amazonian Ecuador. Plant Ecology, 192, 193207.
  • R Development Core Team (2011). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, URL http://www.R-project.org/.
  • Richards, P.W. (1952) The Tropical Rain Forest: An Ecological Study. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Ricklefs, R.E. (1977) Environmental heterogeneity and plant species diversity: a hypothesis. The American Naturalist, 111, 376381.
  • Silver, W.L., Scatena, F.N., Johnson, A.H., Siccama, T.G. & Sanchez, M.J. (1994) Nutrient availability in a montane wet tropical forest: spatial patterns and methodological considerations. Plant and Soil, 164, 129145.
  • Silvertown, J. (2004) Plant coexistence and the niche. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19, 605611.
  • Sollins, P. (1998) Factors influencing species composition in tropical lowland rain forest: does soil matter? Ecology, 79, 2330.
  • Svenning, J.C. (1999) Microhabitat specialization in a species-rich palm community in Amazonian Ecuador. Journal of Ecology, 87, 5565.
  • Svenning, J.C. (2000) Small canopy gaps influence plant distributions in the rain forest understory. Biotropica, 32, 252261.
  • Uhl, C., Clark, K., Dezzeo, N. & Maquirino, P. (1988) Vegetation dynamics in Amazonian treefall gaps. Ecology, 69, 751763.
  • Valencia, R., Balslev, H. & Paz y Miño, G. (1994) High tree alpha-diversity in Amazonian Ecuador. Biodiversity and Conservation, 3, 2128.
  • Valencia, R., Foster, R.B., Villa, G., Condit, R., Svenning, J.C., Hernandez, C., Romoleroux, K., Losos, E., Magard, E. & Balslev, H. (2004) Tree species distributions and local habitat variation in the Amaz on: large forest plot in eastern Ecuador. Journal of Ecology, 92, 214229.
  • Warner, R.R. & Chesson, P.L. (1985) Coexistence mediated by recruitment fluctuations: a field guide to the storage Effect. The American Naturalist, 125, 769.
  • Webb, C.O. & Peart, D.R. (2000) Habitat associations of trees and seedlings in a Bornean rain forest. Journal of Ecology, 88, 464478.
  • Whitmore, T.C. (1984) Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East. Clarendon, Oxford.
  • Wright, J.S. (2002) Plant diversity in tropical forests: a review of mechanisms of species coexistence. Oecologia, 130, 114.