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Keywords:

  • evidence;
  • evidence-based medicine;
  • narrative

Abstract

I argue that evidence-based medicine (EBM) imposes methodological limits that constrain the practice and study of medicine in unfortunate ways. EBM attempts to rid the study of medicine of the subjectivity of individual judgements, while in fact, any use of any kind of evidence requires judgement. On this basis, I argue that there are compelling reasons to broaden the range of evidence employed in EBM, and in particular, to include both straightforward and evaluative narratives. This would mark a shift from the current focus of EBM on purely quantitative data to the inclusion of qualitative data as well. I conclude by emphasizing that objectivity in medicine must come not from the exclusion of wide swaths of potentially valuable evidence, but from the careful application of our critical practices.