Host-parasite interface of Caryophyllaeus laticeps (Eucestoda: Caryophyllidae) in three species of fish


Prof. Dr H. Taraschewski, Zoologisehes Institut, Universität (T.H.) Karlsruhe, Kaiserstr. 12 Geb. 30.41, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany.


Abstract. The host-parasite interface of Caryophyllaeus laticeps has been investigated in naturally infected bream, Abramis brama (L.), chub, Leuciscus cephalus (L.), and roach, Rutilus rutilus (L.), by light and electron microscopy. The fish were caught in the Ruhr-lake near Bochum. Bream showed the highest rate of infection and also harboured the largest worms compared to the two other host species. In all three cyprinids, the worms’ scolices caused local compression of the host's intestinal epithelium. At the attachment site of scolices of medium- to large-sized worms, the intestinal epithelial cells were vacuolized and their brush border ruptured. These pathological effects were most pronounced in bream, which also showed conspicuous granulomas in the tunica propria adjacent to the scolices. A heavy infiltration of eosinophilic granulocytes was noted in chub and roach at the worms’ attachment site. In bream, only the smallest worms provoked a slight eosinophilic reaction. It is concluded that the worms within the three host species were of different ages and that the chronic stage of infection, associated with the formation of granulomas, was only reached in bream, the major host.