Vibrio anguillarum as a fish pathogen: virulence factors, diagnosis and prevention

Authors

  • I Frans,

    1.  Laboratory for Process Microbial Ecology and Bioinspirational Management (PME & BIM), Consortium for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (CIMB), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), K.U. Leuven Association, Lessius Mechelen, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    2.  Scientia Terrae Research Institute, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    3.  Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), Centre for Food and Microbial Technology, K.U. Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    4.  Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Centre, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author
  • C W Michiels,

    1.  Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), Centre for Food and Microbial Technology, K.U. Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author
  • P Bossier,

    1.  Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Centre, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author
  • K A Willems,

    1.  Laboratory for Process Microbial Ecology and Bioinspirational Management (PME & BIM), Consortium for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (CIMB), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), K.U. Leuven Association, Lessius Mechelen, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    2.  Scientia Terrae Research Institute, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author
  • B Lievens,

    1.  Laboratory for Process Microbial Ecology and Bioinspirational Management (PME & BIM), Consortium for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (CIMB), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), K.U. Leuven Association, Lessius Mechelen, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    2.  Scientia Terrae Research Institute, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author
  • H Rediers

    1.  Laboratory for Process Microbial Ecology and Bioinspirational Management (PME & BIM), Consortium for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (CIMB), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), K.U. Leuven Association, Lessius Mechelen, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    2.  Scientia Terrae Research Institute, Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author

H Rediers, Consortium for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (CIMB), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M2S), K.U. Leuven, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium (e-mail:hans.rediers@biw.kuleuven.be)

Abstract

Vibrio anguillarum, also known as Listonella anguillarum, is the causative agent of vibriosis, a deadly haemorrhagic septicaemic disease affecting various marine and fresh/brackish water fish, bivalves and crustaceans. In both aquaculture and larviculture, this disease is responsible for severe economic losses worldwide. Because of its high morbidity and mortality rates, substantial research has been carried out to elucidate the virulence mechanisms of this pathogen and to develop rapid detection techniques and effective disease-prevention strategies. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge pertaining to V. anguillarum, focusing on pathogenesis, known virulence factors, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

Ancillary