Get access

Effects of dietary fibre intake during adolescence on the components of the metabolic syndrome at the age of 36 years: the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study

Authors

  • L.  Veldhuis,

    1. EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research & Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    2. Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    3. Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC – University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • L. L. J Koppes,

    1. EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research & Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    2. Division Work and Employment, TNO Quality of Life, Hoofddorp, the Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M. T Driessen,

    1. EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research & Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    2. Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • D.  Samoocha,

    1. EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research & Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • J. W. R Twisk

    1. Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    2. Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author

Lydian Veldhuis, Erasmus MC – University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Public Health, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Tel.: +31 10 70 38453
Fax: +31 10 70 38474
E-mail: l.veldhuis@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

Background:  The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is increasing, especially in young individuals. Most of the previous studies that have investigated the association between dietary fibre intake and the metabolic syndrome are cross-sectional or of short duration, and their results are inconsistent. The present study investigated whether dietary fibre intake during adolescence has a protective effect on developing the metabolic syndrome as an adult.

Methods:  Data on dietary intake and metabolic syndrome components were derived from a healthy sample of 174 men and 194 women who were followed-up from the age of 13 years onwards in the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study. Data were analysed with use of generalised estimating equations and linear regression analyses.

Results:  The mean dietary fibre intake was 9.9 g/4.0 MJ (1000 kcal) during adolescence and 10.8 g/4.0 MJ (1000 kcal) at age 36 years. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome at age 36 years was 10.1%. No differences were found in the time-course of dietary fibre intake between subjects with and those without the metabolic syndrome or its components. Dietary fibre intake during adolescence was not related to the components of the metabolic syndrome at age 36 years, except for an inverse relationship with waist circumference, where a gram/4.0 MJ (1000 kcal) higher fibre intake was associated with a 0.44 cm smaller waist circumference (P = 0.03, 95% CI −0.85 to −0.04).

Conclusions:  The present study found no association between dietary fibre intake and the metabolic syndrome in young adults. High fibre intake, however, was inversely associated with waist circumference.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary