Quality of life and its measurement: important principles and guidelines
Article first published online: 13 SEP 2005
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 49, Issue 10, pages 707–717, October 2005
How to Cite
Verdugo, M. A., Schalock, R. L., Keith, K. D. and Stancliffe, R. J. (2005), Quality of life and its measurement: important principles and guidelines. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49: 707–717. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00739.x
- Issue published online: 13 SEP 2005
- Article first published online: 13 SEP 2005
- cross-cultural quality of life;
- intellectual disability;
- quality of life;
- quality of life data;
- quality of life measurement
Background The importance of the valid assessment of quality of life (QOL) is heightened with the increased use of the QOL construct as a basis for policies and practices in the field of intellectual disability (ID).
Method This article discusses the principles that should guide the measurement process, the major interrogatories (i.e. who, what, when, where, why, and how) of QOL measurement, issues and procedures in the cross-cultural measurement of QOL, and the current uses of QOL data.
Results Based on the above methods, the article presents a number of important guidelines regarding QOL measurement.
Conclusion From a measurement perspective the use of the QOL construct is changing. Initially it was used as a sensitizing notion, social construct, and unifying theme. Increasingly, it is being used as conceptual framework for assessing quality outcomes, a social construct that guides quality enhancement strategies, and a criterion for assessing the effectiveness of those strategies. This new role places additional emphasis on the valid assessment of one's QOL.