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Cross-cultural study of person-centred quality of life domains and indicators: a replication


Cristina Jenaro, Institute on Community Integration, Faculty of Psychology, University of Salamanca, Avda. De la Merced, 109-131, 37005 Salamanca, Spain (e-mail:


Background  The increased use of the quality of life (QOL) concept internationally suggests the need to evaluate its etic (universal) and emic (culture-bound) properties. This study replicated and expanded a previous cross-cultural study on QOL.

Method  The three respondent groups (consumers, parents and professionals; total n = 781) were from four European countries: France, Belgium, Italy and Poland. The Cross Cultural Survey of Quality of Life Indicators was used to assess the importance and use of eight core dimensions of QOL. Two hypotheses were tested: (1) the etic properties would be demonstrated if there were similar profiles for the respondent and geographical groups, and if indicators grouped into the proposed QOL domains; and (2) the emic properties would be demonstrated if there were significant differences on scores across groups.

Results  Results supported both hypotheses.

Conclusion  The present study replicated the findings of a large cross-cultural study that the QOL construct has both etic and emic properties.