Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities
Article first published online: 7 NOV 2006
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 50, Issue 12, pages 862–873, December 2006
How to Cite
Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Llewellyn, G., Blacker, J. and Graham, H. (2006), Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50: 862–873. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00900.x
- Issue published online: 7 NOV 2006
- Article first published online: 7 NOV 2006
- Accepted 12 July 2006
Vol. 51, Issue 2, 172, Article first published online: 8 JAN 2007
- maternal well-being;
- socio-economic position
Background Many previous studies have reported that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more likely to show signs of psychological distress and have lower well-being than mothers of ‘typically developing’ children. Our aim was to estimate the extent to which these differences may be accounted for by between-group differences in socio-economic position.
Methods This study involved secondary analysis of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy variables in a nationally representative sample of 6954 British mothers with dependent children under the age of 17 years, 514 of whom were supporting a child with an ID.
Results Mothers of children with IDs reported lower levels of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy than mothers of children without IDs. Statistically controlling for differences in socio-economic position, household composition and maternal characteristics fully accounted for the between-group differences in maternal happiness, and accounted for over 50% of the elevated risk for poorer self-esteem and self-efficacy.
Conclusions A socially and statistically significant proportion of the increased risk of poorer well-being among mothers of children with IDs may be attributed to their increased risk of socio-economic disadvantage.