Prevalence and risk factors of maladaptive behaviour in young children with Autistic Disorder
Article first published online: 27 APR 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 52, Issue 10, pages 819–829, October 2008
How to Cite
Hartley, S. L., Sikora, D. M. and McCoy, R. (2008), Prevalence and risk factors of maladaptive behaviour in young children with Autistic Disorder. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52: 819–829. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01065.x
- Issue published online: 6 OCT 2008
- Article first published online: 27 APR 2008
- Accepted 7 April 2008
- autistic disorder;
- behaviour problems;
- child behaviour checklist;
- maladaptive behaviour
Background Children with Autistic Disorder (AD) evidence more co-occurring maladaptive behaviours than their typically developing peers and peers with intellectual disability because of other aetiologies. The present study investigated the prevalence of Clinically Significant maladaptive behaviours during early childhood and identified at-risk subgroups of young children with AD.
Method Parents rated their child's maladaptive behaviours on the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) in 169 children with AD aged 1.5 to 5.8 years.
Results One-third of young children with AD had a CBCL Total Problems score in the Clinically Significant range. The highest percentage of Clinically Significant scores were in the Withdrawal, Attention, and Aggression CBCL syndrome scales. There was a high degree of co-morbidity of Clinically Significant maladaptive behaviours. Several subject characteristic risk factors for maladaptive behaviours were identified.
Conclusions Findings highlight the need to include behavioural management strategies aimed at increasing social engagement, sustained attention and decreasing aggressive behaviour in comprehensive intervention programmes for young children with AD.