Injuries, falls and accidents among adults with intellectual disabilities. Prospective cohort study
Article first published online: 1 OCT 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 54, Issue 11, pages 966–980, November 2010
How to Cite
Finlayson, J., Morrison, J., Jackson, A., Mantry, D. and Cooper, S.-A. (2010), Injuries, falls and accidents among adults with intellectual disabilities. Prospective cohort study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54: 966–980. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01319.x
- Issue published online: 12 OCT 2010
- Article first published online: 1 OCT 2010
- Accepted 27 July 2010
- developmental disabilities;
- non-fatal injury;
- risk factors
Background Injuries are among the leading causes of death and disability in the world and a major public health concern. Falls are a common cause. Young persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) have a higher rate and different pattern of injuries than the general population, but little is known regarding adults.
Methods The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and types of injuries experienced by a community-based cohort of adults with ID (n = 511) in a 12-month period. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants 2 years after they had first been recruited into a longitudinal study.
Results Incidence of at least one injury in a 12-month period was 20.5% (105), of which 12.1% (62) was because of falls. Incident injury was predicted by having epilepsy and not having autism. Incident fall injury was predicted by urinary incontinence, while Down syndrome reduced risk.
Conclusions Adults with ID do experience a higher rate of injuries and falls when compared with the general population. The results of this study highlight this, and hence the need to work towards the development of interventions for injury and falls prevention in this population.