Low mood and challenging behaviour in people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities
Article first published online: 3 DEC 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Mental Health and Intellectual Disability: XXVII (Edited by S.-A. Cooper)
Volume 55, Issue 2, pages 182–189, February 2011
How to Cite
Hayes, S., McGuire, B., O'Neill, M., Oliver, C. and Morrison, T. (2011), Low mood and challenging behaviour in people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55: 182–189. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01355.x
- Issue published online: 18 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 3 DEC 2010
- Accepted 15 October 2010
- challenging behaviour;
- intellectual disability;
Background We investigated the relationship between low mood and challenging behaviour in people in the severe and profound range of intellectual disability, while controlling for the presence of potentially confounding variables such as diagnosis of autism, physical and sensory problems and ill health.
Methods The key workers of 52 people with severe and profound intellectual disability completed measures of depression, communication, challenging behaviour and provided information on relevant demographic and health variables.
Results Using the Mood, Interest and Pleasure Questionnaire for classification of mood, a significant difference was found between a ‘low mood’ and ‘normothymic’ group in the reported occurrence of challenging behaviour. This difference remained even when confounding variables such as the presence of autism, health and sensory difficulties were controlled. The frequency and severity of challenging behaviour was predicted by measures indicating the presence of low mood.
Conclusion People with severe and profound show clear and measurable signs of low mood, and in this relatively small sample of institutionalised individuals, low mood was associated with challenging behaviour.