Emotional and behavioural problems in children with visual impairment, intellectual and multiple disabilities
Article first published online: 8 MAY 2012
© 2012 The Author. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Special Issue: Mental Health and Intellectual Disability: XXIXII
Volume 57, Issue 2, pages 153–160, February 2013
How to Cite
Alimovic, S. (2013), Emotional and behavioural problems in children with visual impairment, intellectual and multiple disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 57: 153–160. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2012.01562.x
- Issue published online: 4 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 8 MAY 2012
- Accepted 2 March 2012
- emotional and behavioural problems;
- intellectual disability;
- multiple disabilities;
- visual impairment
Background Children with multiple impairments have more complex developmental problems than children with a single impairment.
Method We compared children, aged 4 to 11 years, with intellectual disability (ID) and visual impairment to children with single ID, single visual impairment and typical development on ‘Child Behavior Check List/4–18’ (CBCL/4–18), Parent Report.
Results Children with ID and visual impairment had more emotional and behavioural problems than other groups of children: with single impairment and with typical development (F = 23.81; d.f.1/d.f.2 = 3/156; P < 0.001). All children with special needs had more emotional and behavioural problems than children with typical development. The highest difference was found in attention problems syndrome (F = 30.45; d.f.1/d.f.2 = 3/156; P < 0.001) where all groups of children with impairments had more problems. Children with visual impairment, with and without ID, had more somatic complaints than children with normal vision.
Conclusion Intellectual disability had greater influence on prevalence and kind of emotional and behavioural problems in children than visual impairment.