SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Tunbridge WM, Evered DC, Hall R et al. Lipid profiles and cardiovascular disease in the Whickham area with particular reference to thyroid failure. Clin Endocrinol 1977; 7: 495508.
  • 2
    Pirich C, Mullner M, Sinzinger H. Prevalence and relevance of thyroid dysfunction in 1922 cholesterol screening participants. J Clin Epidemiol 2000; 53: 6239.
  • 3
    Imaizumi M, Akahoshi M, Ichimaru S et al. Risk for ischemic heart disease and all-cause mortality in subclinical hypothyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89: 336570.
  • 4
    Lee WY, Suh JY, Rhee EJ, Park JS, Sung KC, Kim SW. Plasma CRP, apolipoprotein A-1, apolipoprotein B and Lpa levels according to thyroid function status. Arch Med Res 2004; 35: 5405.
  • 5
    Canaris GJ, Manowitz NR, Mayor G, Ridgway EC. The Colorado thyroid disease prevalence study. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 52634.
  • 6
    Caraccio N, Ferrannini E, Monzani F. Lipoprotein profile in subclinical hypothyroidism: response to levothyroxine replacement, a randomized placebo-controlled study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002; 87: 15338.
  • 7
    Meier C, Staub JJ, Roth CB et al. TSH-controlled L-thyroxine therapy reduces cholesterol levels and clinical symptoms in subclinical hypothyroidism: a double blind, placebo-controlled trial (Basel Thyroid Study). J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001; 86: 48606.
  • 8
    Monzani F, Caraccio N, Kozakowa M et al. Effect of levothyroxine replacement on lipid profile and intima-media thickness in subclinical hypothyroidism: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89: 2099106.
  • 9
    Cooper DS, Halpern R, Wood LC, Levin AA, Ridgway EC. L-Thyroxine therapy in subclinical hypothyroidism. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 1984; 101: 1824.
  • 10
    Kong WM, Sheikh MH, Lumb PJ et al. A 6-month randomized trial of thyroxine treatment in women with mild subclinical hypothyroidism. Am J Med 2002; 112: 34854.
  • 11
    Gullu S, Sav H, Kamel N. Effects of levothyroxine treatment on biochemical and hemostasis parameters in patients with hypothyroidism. Eur J Endocrinol 2005; 152: 35561.
  • 12
    Knudsen N, Laurberg P, Rasmussen LB et al. Small differences in thyroid function may be important for body mass index and the occurrence of obesity in the population. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005; 90: 401924.
  • 13
    Jorde R, Sundsfjord J, Fitzgerald P, Bonaa KH. Serum calcium and cardiovascular risk factors and diseases: the Tromsø study. Hypertension 1999; 34: 48490.
  • 14
    Jorde R, Saleh F, Figenschau Y, Kamycheva E, Haug E, Sundsfjord J. Serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in smokers and non-smokers. The fifth Tromso study. Eur J Endocrinol 2005; 152: 3945.
  • 15
    Jorde R, Bønaa KH, Sundsfjord J. Population based study on serum ionised calcium, serum parathyroid hormone, and blood pressure. The Tromsø Study. Eur J Endocrinol 1999; 141: 3507.
  • 16
    Zulewski H, Muller B, Exer P, Miserez AR, Staub JJ. Estimation of tissue hypothyroidism by a new clinical score: evaluation of patients with various grades of hypothyroidism and controls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1997; 82: 7716.
  • 17
    Efstathiadou Z, Bitsis S, Milionis HJ et al. Lipid profile in subclinical hypothyroidism: is L-thyroxine substitution beneficial? Eur J Endocrinol 2001; 145: 70510.
  • 18
    Bindels AJ, Westendorp RG, Frolich M, Seidell JC, Blokstra A, Smelt AH. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism at different total plasma cholesterol levels in middle aged men and women: a need for case-finding? Clin Endocrinol 1999; 50: 21720.
  • 19
    Kannel WB, Castelli WP, Gordon T, McNamara PM. Serum cholesterol, lipoproteins, and the risk of coronary heart disease. The Framingham study. Ann Intern Med 1971; 74: 112.
  • 20
    Walldius G, Jungner I. Apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A-I: risk indicators of coronary heart disease and targets for lipid-modifying therapy. J Intern Med 2004; 255: 188205.
  • 21
    Yildirimkaya M, Ozata M, Yilmaz K, Kilinc C, Gundogan MA, Kutluay T. Lipoprotein(a) concentration in subclinical hypothyroidism before and after levo-thyroxine therapy. Endocr J 1996; 43: 7316.
  • 22
    Bairaktari ET, Tselepis AD, Millionis HJ, Elisaf MS. Lipoprotein (a) levels, apolipoprotein (a) phenotypes and thyroid autoimmunity. Eur J Endocrinol 1999; 140: 4746.
  • 23
    Tanis BC, Westendorp GJ, Smelt HM. Effect of thyroid substitution on hypercholesterolaemia in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism: a reanalysis of intervention studies. Clin Endocrinol 1996; 44: 6439.
  • 24
    Danese MD, Ladenson PW, Meinert CL, Powe NR. Clinical review 115: effect of thyroxine therapy on serum lipoproteins in patients with mild thyroid failure: a quantitative review of the literature. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000; 85: 29933001.
  • 25
    Ineck BA, Ng TM. Effects of subclinical hypothyroidism and its treatment on serum lipids. Ann Pharmacother 2003; 37: 72530.
  • 26
    McDermott MT, Ridgway EC. Subclinical hypothyroidism is mild thyroid failure and should be treated. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001; 86: 458590.
  • 27
    Biondi B, Palmieri EA, Lombardi G, Fazio S. The importance of using strict inclusion criteria in subclinical hypothyroid studies. Am J Med 2003; 114: 76.
  • 28
    Bjøro T, Holmen J, Kruger O et al. Prevalence of thyroid disease, thyroid dysfunction and thyroid peroxidase antibodies in a large, unselected population. The Health Study of Nord-Trøndelag (HUNT). Eur J Endocrinol 2000; 143: 63947.