• 1
    Laukkanen P, Heikkinen E, Kauppinen M. Muscle strength and mobility as predictors of survival in 75–84-year-old people. Age Ageing 1995; 24: 46873.
  • 2
    Rantanen T, Guralnik JM, Foley D et al. Midlife hand grip strength as a predictor of old age disability. JAMA 1999; 281: 55860.
  • 3
    Rantanen T, Avlund K, Suominen H et al. Muscle strength as a predictor of onset of ADL dependence in people aged 75 years. Aging Clin Exp Res 2002; 14(3 Suppl.): 105.
  • 4
    Rantanen T, Volpato S, Ferrucci L et al. Handgrip strength and cause-specific and total mortality in older disabled women: exploring the mechanism. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003; 51: 63641.
  • 5
    Rantanen T. Muscle strength, disability and mortality. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2003; 13: 38.
  • 6
    Gale CR, Martyn CN, Cooper C, Aihie Sayer A. Grip strength, body composition and mortality. Int J Epidemiol 2006; [Epub ahead of print].
  • 7
    Cooper C, Barker DJ, Wickham C. Physical activity, muscle strength, and calcium intake in fracture of the proximal femur in Britain. BMJ 1988; 297: 14436.
  • 8
    Wickham C, Cooper C, Margetts BM et al. Muscle strength, activity, housing and the risk of falls in elderly people. Age Ageing 1989; 18: 4751.
  • 9
    Syddall H, Cooper C, Martin F et al. Is grip strength a useful single marker of frailty? Age Ageing 2003; 32: 6506.
  • 10
    Aihie Sayer A, Syddall HE, Martin HJ et al. Is grip strength associated with health-related quality of life? Findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. Age Ageing 2006; 35: 40915.
  • 11
    Vecchiarino P, Bohannon RW, Ferullo J et al. Short-term outcomes and their predictors for patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia. Heart Lung 2004; 33: 3017.
  • 12
    Kerr A, Syddall HE, Cooper C et al. Does admission grip strength predict length of stay in hospitalised older patients? Age Ageing 2006; 35: 824.
  • 13
    Aihie Sayer A, Cooper C, Evans JR et al. Are rates of ageing determined in utero? Age Ageing 1998; 27: 57983.
  • 14
    Aihie Sayer A, Syddall HE, Dennison EM et al. Birth weight, weight at 1 y of age, and body composition in older men: findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 80: 199203.
  • 15
    Aihie Sayer A, Syddall HE, Gilbody HJ et al. Does sarcopenia originate in early life? Findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. J Gerontol 2004; 59A: 9304.
  • 16
    Kuh D, Bassey J, Hardy R et al. Birth weight, childhood size, and muscle strength in adult life: evidence from a birth cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 2002; 156: 62733.
  • 17
    Inskip HM, Godfrey KM, Robinson SM et al. Cohort profile: the Southampton Women's Survey. Int J Epidemiol 2006; 35: 428.
  • 18
    Godin G, Shephard RJ. A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Can J Appl Sport Sci 1985; 10: 1416.
  • 19
    Mathiowetz V, Weber K, Volland G et al. Reliability and validity of grip and pinch strength evaluations. J Hand Surg 1984; 9A: 2226.
  • 20
    Office for National Statistics. Living in Britain: Results from the 2000/01 General Household Survey. London: Office for National Statistics, 2001.
  • 21
    Office for National Statistics. Annual Local Labour Force Survey Summary Publication 2000/01. London: Office for National Statistics, 2004. .
  • 22
    Mathiowetz V, Kashman N, Volland G et al. Grip and pinch strength: normative data for adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1985; 66: 6974.
  • 23
    Brown DA, Miller WC. Normative data for strength and flexibility of women throughout life. Eur J Appl Physiol 1998; 78: 7782.
  • 24
    Aihie Sayer A, Osmond C, Briggs R et al. Do all systems age together? Gerontology 1999; 45: 836.
  • 25
    Ford GW, Kitchen WH, Doyle LW. Muscular strength at 5 years of children with a birthweight under 1500 g. Aust Paediatr J 1988; 24: 2956.
  • 26
    Rogers M, Fay TB, Whitfield MF et al. Aerobic capacity, strength, flexibility, and activity level in unimpaired extremely low birth weight (≤800 g) survivors at 17 years of age compared with term-born control subjects. Paediatrics 2005; 116: e5865.
  • 27
    Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U, Schroedr DG et al. Intrauterine growth retardation, body size, body composition and physical performance in adolescence. Eur J Clin Nutr 1998; 52(S1): S4353.
  • 28
    Jurek AM, Greenland S, Maldonado G et al. Proper interpretation of nondifferential misclassification effects: expectations vs observations. Int J Epidemiol 2005; 34: 6807.