The effects of structural and psychological empowerment on perceived respect in acute care nurses
Article first published online: 4 FEB 2008
© 2007 The Authors
Journal of Nursing Management
Volume 16, Issue 2, pages 214–221, March 2008
How to Cite
FAULKNER, J. and LASCHINGER, H. (2008), The effects of structural and psychological empowerment on perceived respect in acute care nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 16: 214–221. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2007.00781.x
- Issue published online: 4 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 4 FEB 2008
- Accepted for publication: 25 January 2007
- psychological empowerment;
- structural empowerment
Background The recruitment and retention crisis has catalyzed interest in workplace empowerment for nurses. Many nurses feel that they do not receive the respect they deserve in hospital settings; however, there are few systematic studies of respect for nurses.
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between structural and psychological empowerment and their effects on hospital nurses’ perceptions of respect.
Method A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a larger study of 500 randomly selected hospital staff nurses. A predictive, non-experimental survey design was used to test a hypothesized model derived from Kanter’s Work Empowerment Theory.
Results Both structural and psychological variables were significant independent predictors of respect, although structural empowerment had considerably greater explanatory power.
Conclusions The findings support Kanter’s theory. Hospital nurses who perceive themselves to be structurally and psychologically empowered are more likely to feel respected in the workplace.
Implications for nursing management Changing workplace structures is within the mandate of nurse managers in their roles as advocates for and facilitators of high-quality care. Nurse managers have the influence and resources to facilitate empowering work conditions that can increase nurses’ feelings of being respected. In addition, promoting collaborative inter-professional and intra-professional relationships and assuring continuous support to nurses are particularly important strategies for building respect.