Goals and potential career advancement of licensed practical nurses in Japan
Article first published online: 15 MAY 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Volume 16, Issue 7, pages 821–828, October 2008
How to Cite
IKEDA, M., INOUE, K. and KAMIBEPPU, K. (2008), Goals and potential career advancement of licensed practical nurses in Japan. Journal of Nursing Management, 16: 821–828. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00855.x
- Issue published online: 15 OCT 2008
- Article first published online: 15 MAY 2008
- Accepted for publication: 11 January 2008
- career advancement;
- career consciousness;
- career motivation;
- licensed practical nurses;
- role acceptance
Aim To investigate the effects of personal and professional variables on career advancement intentions of working Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs).
Background In Japan, two levels of professional nursing licensures, the LPN and the registered nurse (RN), are likely to be integrated in the future. Therefore, it is important to know the career advancement intentions of LPNs.
Method Questionnaires were sent to a sample of 356 LPNs. Analysis of variance (anova) and discriminative analysis were used.
Results We found that those who had a positive image of LPNs along with a positive image of RNs were identified as showing interest in career advancement. The results of anova showed that age had a negative effect; however, discriminative analysis suggested that age is not as significant compared with other variables.
Conclusion Our results indicate that the ‘image of RNs’, and ‘role-acceptance factors’ have an effect on career advancement intentions of LPNs.
Implications for nursing management Our results suggest that Nursing Managers should create a supportive working environment where the LPN would feel encouraged to carry out the nursing role, thereby creating a positive image of nursing in general which would lead to career motivation and pursuing RN status.