Congruent leadership: values in action
Article first published online: 9 JUN 2008
© 2008 The Author. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Volume 16, Issue 5, pages 519–524, July 2008
How to Cite
STANLEY, D. (2008), Congruent leadership: values in action. Journal of Nursing Management, 16: 519–524. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00895.x
- Issue published online: 9 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 9 JUN 2008
- Accepted for publication: 22 January 2008
- clinical leadership;
- congruent leadership;
- leadership theories;
- nursing leadership
Aim(s) To discuss the significance of an appropriate leadership theory in order to develop an understanding of clinical leadership.
Background Leadership theories developed from management and related paradigms, particularly transformational leadership, may be ineffective in supporting nurses to gain insights into clinical leadership or to develop and implement clinical leadership skills. Instead, congruent leadership theory, based on a match between the clinical leaders’ actions and their values and beliefs about care and nursing, may offer a more firm theoretical foundation on which clinical nurses can build an understanding of and capacity to implement clinical leadership or become clinical leaders.
Evaluation The information used is drawn from the contemporary literature and a study conducted by the author.
Key issue(s) Leadership can be better understood when an appropriate theoretical foundation is employed.
Conclusions With regard to clinical leadership, congruent leadership is proposed as the most appropriate theory.
Implications for nursing management It is important to recognize that leadership theories based on a management paradigm may not be appropriate for all clinical applications. Education should be aimed specifically at clinical leaders, recognizing that clinical leaders are followed not for their vision or creativity (even if they demonstrate these), but because they translate their values and beliefs about care into action.