Situational and dispositional predictors of nurse manager burnout: a time-lagged analysis
Article first published online: 9 JUN 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Volume 16, Issue 5, pages 601–607, July 2008
How to Cite
SPENCE LASCHINGER, H. K. and FINEGAN, J. (2008), Situational and dispositional predictors of nurse manager burnout: a time-lagged analysis. Journal of Nursing Management, 16: 601–607. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00904.x
- Issue published online: 9 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 9 JUN 2008
- Accepted for publication: 11 March 2008
- core self-evaluation;
- effort reward imbalance;
- nurse manager;
Background Burnout among nurses is a serious condition that threatens their own health and that of their patients. In current health care settings, nurses are particularly at risk for burnout given the increased patient acuity and the worsening nursing shortage.
Aim This study examined the influence of effort-reward imbalance, a situational variable, and core self-evaluation, a dispositional variable, on nurse managers’ burnout levels over a 1-year period.
Methods A predictive longitudinal survey design was used to examine the relationships described in the model. One hundred and thirty-four nurse managers responded to a mail survey at two points in time.
Results As hypothesized, both personal and situational factors influenced nurse manager burnout over a 1-year time frame. Although burnout levels at Time 1 accounted for significant variance in emotional exhaustion levels 1 year later (β = 0.355), nurses’ effort-reward imbalance (β = 0.371) and core self-evaluations (β = −0.166) explained significant additional amounts of variance in burnout 1 year later.
Conclusion Both personal and situational factors contribute to nurse manager burnout over time.
Implications for nursing management Managers must consider personal and contextual factors when creating work environments that prevent burnout and foster positive health among nurses at work.