Burnout among hospital nurses in China
Article first published online: 8 SEP 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Discussions on Job Satisfaction, Work Environment and Burnout Issue editors: Kristiina Hyrkäs and Denise Dende
Volume 17, Issue 3, pages 294–301, April 2009
How to Cite
LIN, F., St JOHN, W. and McVEIGH, C. (2009), Burnout among hospital nurses in China. Journal of Nursing Management, 17: 294–301. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00914.x
- Issue published online: 20 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 8 SEP 2008
- Accepted for publication: 27 March 2008
- Chinese nurses;
- contributing factors;
- social support
Aim The aim of this study was to examine the level of burnout and factors that contribute to burnout in hospital nurses in the People’s Republic of China.
Background While burnout among hospital nurses has been widely researched in western countries, little research has investigated burnout among hospital nurses in China.
Method A translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to measure burnout in 249 randomly selected nurses from various wards of a large teaching hospital in Beijing, China. Questionnaire packs were sent to the hospital wards where selected nurses worked. One hundred and twenty-eight nurses returned the completed questionnaire. The response rate was 51%.
Results The results showed moderate levels of Emotional Exhaustion and Personal Accomplishment, and low levels of Depersonalization. Age, years of experience and professional title had a significant positive relationship with Emotional Exhaustion and Personal Accomplishment. Older, married nurses with more personal responsibilities and in a more senior position experienced higher levels of Emotional Exhaustion.
Conclusion The findings suggest that burnout is a significant issue for nurses in China.
Implications for nursing management The results of this study indicate that working environment factors such as relationships with coworkers and managers may contribute to or mitigate burnout. There is a need to address personal and professional support, life-work balance, personal accomplishment and educational programmes to reduce burnout in nurses working in China.